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55 [fifty-five]



೫೫ [ಐವತ್ತೈದು]

ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುವುದು


What do you do for a living?
ನೀವು ಏನು ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೀರಿ?
nīvu ēnu kelasa māḍuttīri?
My husband is a doctor.
ನನ್ನ ಗಂಡ ವೃತ್ತಿಯಿಂದ ವೈದ್ಯರು.
Nanna gaṇḍa vr̥ttiyinda vaidyaru.
I work as a nurse part-time.
ನಾನು ಅರೆಕಾಲಿಕ ದಾದಿಯಾಗಿ ಕೆಲಸ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu arekālika dādiyāgi kelasa māḍuttēne.
We will soon receive our pension.
ಇನ್ನು ಸ್ವಲ್ಪ ಸಮಯದಲ್ಲಿ ನಾವು ವಿಶ್ರಾಂತಿ ವೇತನ ಪಡೆಯಲಿದ್ದೇವೆ.
Innu svalpa samayadalli nāvu viśrānti vētana paḍeyaliddēve.
But taxes are high.
ಆದರೆ ತೆರಿಗೆಗಳು ತುಂಬಾ ಜಾಸ್ತಿ.
Ādare terigegaḷu tumbā jāsti.
And health insurance is expensive.
ಮತ್ತು ಆರೋಗ್ಯವಿಮೆ ದುಬಾರಿ.
Mattu ārōgyavime dubāri.
What would you like to become some day?
ನೀನು ಮುಂದೆ ಏನಾಗಲು ಬಯಸುತ್ತೀಯ?
Nīnu munde ēnāgalu bayasuttīya?
I would like to become an engineer.
ನಾನು ಇಂಜಿನಿಯರ್ ಆಗಲು ಇಷ್ಟಪಡುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu in̄jiniyar āgalu iṣṭapaḍuttēne.
I want to go to college.
ನಾನು ವಿಶ್ವವಿದ್ಯಾನಿಲಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಓದಲು ಬಯಸುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu viśvavidyānilayadalli ōdalu bayasuttēne.
I am an intern.
ನಾನು ತರಬೇತಿ ಪಡೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu tarabēti paḍeyuttiddēne.
I do not earn much.
ನಾನು ಹೆಚ್ಚು ಸಂಪಾದಿಸುವುದಿಲ್ಲ.
Nānu heccu sampādisuvudilla.
I am doing an internship abroad.
ನಾನು ಹೊರದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ತರಬೇತಿ ಪಡೆಯುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu horadēśadalli tarabēti paḍeyuttiddēne.
That is my boss.
ಅವರು ನನ್ನ ಮೇಲಧಿಕಾರಿ.
Avaru nanna mēladhikāri.
I have nice colleagues.
ನನ್ನ ಸಹೋದ್ಯೋಗಿಗಳು ಒಳ್ಳೆಯವರು.
Nanna sahōdyōgigaḷu oḷḷeyavaru.
We always go to the cafeteria at noon.
ನಾವು ಪ್ರತಿ ಮಧ್ಯಾಹ್ನ ಕ್ಯಾಂಟೀನಿಗೆ ಹೋಗುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Nāvu prati madhyāhna kyāṇṭīnige hōguttēve.
I am looking for a job.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಕೆಲಸವನ್ನು ಹುಡುಕುತ್ತಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu kelasavannu huḍukuttiddēne.
I have already been unemployed for a year.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ವರ್ಷದಿಂದ ನಿರುದ್ಯೋಗಿಯಾಗಿದ್ದೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu varṣadinda nirudyōgiyāgiddēne.
There are too many unemployed people in this country.
ಈ ದೇಶದಲ್ಲಿ ತುಂಬಾ ನಿರುದ್ಯೋಗಿಗಳಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
Ī dēśadalli tumbā nirudyōgigaḷiddāre.

Memory needs speech

Most people remember their first day of school. However, they no longer recall that which came before. We have almost no memory of our first years of life. But why is that? Why can't we remember the experiences we had as a baby? The reason lies in our development. Speech and memory develop at about the same time. And in order to remember something, a person needs speech. That is, he must have words for that which he experiences. Scientists have conducted various tests with children. In doing so, they made an interesting discovery. As soon as children learn to speak, they forget everything that came before. The beginning of speech is therefore also the beginning of memory. Children learn a great deal in the first three years of their lives. They experience new things every day. They also have many important experiences at this age. Despite this, it all disappears. Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as infantile amnesia. Only the things that children can name remain. The autobiographical memory retains personal experiences. It functions like a journal. Everything that is important in our life is recorded in it. In this way, the autobiographical memory forms our identity. But its development is dependent upon the learning of the native language. And we can only activate our memory through our speech. The things that we learn as a baby are not really gone, of course. They are stored somewhere in our brain. We just can't access them anymore… – that's a shame, isn't it?

Guess the language!

______ is one of the eleven official languages of South ****ca. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in ****ca during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of ______ is simpler than that of Dutch today. It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English.

This is because the British also had colonies in the region. ______ is not only understood in South ****ca, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand ______. It is the native language of 7 million people in South ****ca alone. Even more people speak ______ as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of ****ca with ______. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!

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