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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4


೩೨ [ಮೂವತ್ತೆರಡು]

ಫಲಾಹಾರ ಮಂದಿರದಲ್ಲಿ ೪


I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
ಕೆಚಪ್ ಜೊತೆ ಒಂದು ಆಲೂಗೆಡ್ಡೆ ಉಪ್ಪೇರಿ/ಪ್ರೆಂಚ್ ಪ್ರೈಸ್ (ಕೊಡಿ).
kecap jote ondu ālūgeḍḍe uppēri/pren̄c prais (koḍi).
And two with mayonnaise.
ಮಯೊನೇಸ್ ಜೊತೆ ಎರಡು (ಕೊಡಿ).
Mayonēs jote eraḍu (koḍi).
And three sausages with mustard.
ಮಸ್ಟರ್ಡ್ ಜೊತೆ ಮೂರು ಸಾಸೇಜ್ (ಕೊಡಿ).
Masṭarḍ jote mūru sāsēj (koḍi).
What vegetables do you have?
ಯಾವ ಯಾವ ತರಕಾರಿಗಳಿವೆ?
Yāva yāva tarakārigaḷive?
Do you have beans?
ಹುರಳಿಕಾಯಿ ಇದೆಯೆ?
Huraḷikāyi ideye?
Do you have cauliflower?
ಹೂ ಕೋಸು ಇದೆಯೆ?
Hū kōsu ideye?
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
ನನಗೆ ಜೋಳ ತಿನ್ನುವುದು ಇಷ್ಟ.
Nanage jōḷa tinnuvudu iṣṭa.
I like to eat cucumber.
ನನಗೆ ಸೌತೆಕಾಯಿ ತಿನ್ನುವುದು ಇಷ್ಟ.
Nanage sautekāyi tinnuvudu iṣṭa.
I like to eat tomatoes.
ನನಗೆ ಟೊಮ್ಯಾಟೊಗಳನ್ನು ತಿನ್ನುವುದು ಇಷ್ಟ.
Nanage ṭomyāṭogaḷannu tinnuvudu iṣṭa.
Do you also like to eat leek?
ನಿಮಗೆ ಕಾಡು ಈರುಳ್ಳಿ ಎಂದರೆ ಇಷ್ಟವೆ?
Nimage kāḍu īruḷḷi endare iṣṭave?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
ನಿಮಗೆ ಸವರ್ಕ್ರೌಟ್ ಎಂದರೆ ಇಷ್ಟವೆ?
Nimage savarkrauṭ endare iṣṭave?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
ನೀವು ಬೇಳೆಗಳನ್ನು ಇಷ್ಟಪಡುತ್ತೀರಾ?
Nīvu bēḷegaḷannu iṣṭapaḍuttīrā?
Do you also like to eat carrots?
ನೀನೂ ಸಹ ಕ್ಯಾರೆಟ್ ತಿನ್ನಲು ಇಷ್ಟಪಡುತ್ತೀಯಾ?
Nīnū saha kyāreṭ tinnalu iṣṭapaḍuttīyā?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
ನೀನೂ ಸಹ ಬ್ರೊಕೋಲಿಯನ್ನು ಇಷ್ಟಪಡುತ್ತೀಯಾ?
Nīnū saha brokōliyannu iṣṭapaḍuttīyā?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
ನೀನೂ ಸಹ ಮೆಣಸನ್ನು ಇಷ್ಟಪಡುತ್ತೀಯಾ?
Nīnū saha meṇasannu iṣṭapaḍuttīyā?
I don’t like onions.
ನನಗೆ ಈರುಳ್ಳಿ ಎಂದರೆ ಇಷ್ಟವಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage īruḷḷi endare iṣṭavilla.
I don’t like olives.
ನನಗೆ ಓಲಿವ್ ಎಂದರೆ ಇಷ್ಟವಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage ōliv endare iṣṭavilla.
I don’t like mushrooms.
ನನಗೆ ಅಣಬೆ ಎಂದರೆ ಇಷ್ಟವಿಲ್ಲ.
Nanage aṇabe endare iṣṭavilla.

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!

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book2 English US - Kannada for beginners