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21 [twenty-one]

Small Talk 2


೨೧ [ಇಪ್ಪತ್ತೊಂದು]

ಲೋಕಾರೂಢಿ ೨


Where do you come from?
ನೀವು ಎಲ್ಲಿಂದ ಬಂದಿದ್ದೀರಿ?
Nīvu ellinda bandiddīri?
From Basel.
ಬಾಸೆಲ್ ನಿಂದ.
Bāsel ninda.
Basel is in Switzerland.
ಬಾಸೆಲ್ ಸ್ವಿಟ್ಜರ್ಲೆಂಡ್ ನಲ್ಲಿದೆ.
Bāsel sviṭjarleṇḍ nallide.
May I introduce Mr. Miller?
ನಾನು ನಿಮಗೆ ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್ ಮಿಲ್ಲರ್ ಅವರನ್ನು ಪರಿಚಯಿಸಲೆ?
Nānu nimage śrīmān millar avarannu paricayisale?
He is a foreigner.
ಅವರು ಹೊರದೇಶದವರು.
Avaru horadēśadavaru.
He speaks several languages.
ಅವರು ಬಹಳ ಭಾಷೆಗಳನ್ನು ಮಾತನಾಡುತ್ತಾರೆ
Avaru bahaḷa bhāṣegaḷannu mātanāḍuttāre
Are you here for the first time?
ನೀವು ಮೊದಲ ಬಾರಿಗೆ ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಬಂದಿದ್ದೀರಾ?
nīvu modala bārige illige bandiddīrā?
No, I was here once last year.
ಇಲ್ಲ, ನಾನು ಹೋದ ವರ್ಷ ಒಮ್ಮೆ ಇಲ್ಲಿಗೆ ಬಂದಿದ್ದೆ.
Illa, nānu hōda varṣa om'me illige bandidde.
Only for a week, though.
ಆದರೆ ಕೇವಲ ಒಂದು ವಾರದ ಮಟ್ಟಿಗೆ ಮಾತ್ರ.
Ādare kēvala ondu vārada maṭṭige mātra.
How do you like it here?
ನಿಮಗೆ ನಮ್ಮ ಬಳಿ ಹೇಗೆ ಎನಿಸುತ್ತದೆ?
Nimage nam'ma baḷi hēge enisuttade?
A lot. The people are nice.
ನನಗೆ ತುಂಬ ಹಿಡಿಸಿದೆ. ಇಲ್ಲಿಯ ಜನರು ತುಂಬ ಒಳ್ಳೆಯವರು.
Nanage tumba hiḍiside. Illiya janaru tumba oḷḷeyavaru.
And I like the scenery, too.
ಈ ಜಾಗ ನನಗೆ ತುಂಬ ಇಷ್ಟವಾಗಿದೆ.
Ī jāga nanage tumba iṣṭavāgide.
What is your profession?
ನೀವು ಏನು ವೃತ್ತಿ ಮಾಡುತ್ತೀರಿ?
Nīvu ēnu vr̥tti māḍuttīri?
I am a translator.
ನಾನು ಭಾಷಾಂತರಕಾರ.
Nānu bhāṣāntarakāra.
I translate books.
ನಾನು ಪುಸ್ತಕಗಳನ್ನು ಭಾಷಾಂತರಿಸುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu pustakagaḷannu bhāṣāntarisuttēne.
Are you alone here?
ನೀವು ಇಲ್ಲಿ ಒಬ್ಬರೇ ಇದ್ದೀರಾ?
Nīvu illi obbarē iddīrā?
No, my wife / my husband is also here.
ಇಲ್ಲ, ನನ್ನ ಹೆಂಡತಿ/ ನನ್ನ ಗಂಡ ಸಹ ಇಲ್ಲಿದ್ದಾರೆ.
Illa, nanna heṇḍati/ nanna gaṇḍa saha illiddāre.
And those are my two children.
ಅವರು ನನ್ನ ಇಬ್ಬರು ಮಕ್ಕಳು.
Avaru nanna ibbaru makkaḷu.

Romance Languages

700 million people speak a Romance language as their native tongue. Thus the Romance language group ranks among the most significant worldwide. Romance languages belong to the Indo-European language family. All Romance languages date back to Latin. This means they are descendants of the language of Rome. The basis of all Romance languages was Vulgar Latin. By which is meant the Latin spoken in late ancient times. Vulgar Latin was spread throughout Europe through Roman conquests. Out of it there then developed the Romance languages and dialects. Latin itself is an Italian language. There are in total about 15 Romance languages. The exact number is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. A few Romance languages have died out over the years. But new languages based on Romance languages have also developed. They are Creole languages. Today, Spanish is the largest Romance language worldwide. It belongs to the world languages with more than 380 million speakers. Romance languages are very interesting for scientists. Because the history of this linguistic group is well-documented. Latin or Roman texts have existed for 2,500 years. Linguists use them to examine the evolution of the individual languages. Thus, the rules from which language develops can be researched. Many of these results can be transferred to other languages. The grammar of Romance languages is similarly constructed. Above all, however, the vocabulary of the languages is similar. If a person speaks one Romance language, he can easily learn another one. Thank you, Latin!

Guess the language!

The Japanese language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of Japanese is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. Japanese has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak Japanese. Naturally, the majority of those live in Japan. There are also large groups of Japanese speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of Japanese emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!

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