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55 [fifty-five]



‫55 [خمسة وخمسون]‬

‫العمل / المهنة‬


What do you do for a living?
‫ما مهنتك؟ / أية مهنة تمارس؟‬
ma mhntk? / ayt mahnat tmars?
My husband is a doctor.
‫زوجي طبيب.‬
zwaji tabiba.
I work as a nurse part-time.
‫وأنا أعمل بدوام جزئي كممرضة.‬
w'ana 'aemal bidawam jazyiy kamumridata.
We will soon receive our pension.
‫قريباً سنتقاعد.‬
qrybaan snataqaed.
But taxes are high.
‫ولكن الضرائب مرتفعة.‬
wlukun aldarayib murtafieatan.
And health insurance is expensive.
‫والتأمين الصحي مرتفع.‬
waltamayn alsihiyi murtafean.
What would you like to become some day?
‫ما تريد أن تصبح؟‬
ma turid 'an tsbh?
I would like to become an engineer.
‫أريد أن أصبح مهندساً.‬
arid 'an 'asbah mhndsaan.
I want to go to college.
‫أريد أن أدرس في الجامعة.‬
arid 'an 'udrus fi aljamieat.
I am an intern.
‫أنا متمرن.‬
anaa mutamarinan.
I do not earn much.
‫لا أربح كثيراً.‬
laa 'arbah kthyraan.
I am doing an internship abroad.
‫أنا أتمرن في دولة أجنبية.‬
anaa 'atamaran fi dawlat 'ajnabiata.
That is my boss.
‫هذا هو رئيسي.‬
hdha hu rayiysi.
I have nice colleagues.
‫وزملائي لطفاء.‬
wzamlayiy litafa'a.
We always go to the cafeteria at noon.
‫عند الظهر نذهب جميعاً إلى المقصف/ المطعم في الشركة‬
eind alzuhr nadhhab jmyeaan 'iilaa almaqsfa/ almuteam fi alsharikat
I am looking for a job.
‫إني أسعى للحصول على عمل.‬
'iini 'aseaa lilhusul ealaa eaml.
I have already been unemployed for a year.
‫منذ عام وأنا عاطل عن العمل.‬
mnadh eam wa'ana eatil ean aleaml.
There are too many unemployed people in this country.
‫في هذا البلد الكثير عاطل عن العمل.‬
fi hdha albalad alkthyr eatil ean aleaml.

Memory needs speech

Most people remember their first day of school. However, they no longer recall that which came before. We have almost no memory of our first years of life. But why is that? Why can't we remember the experiences we had as a baby? The reason lies in our development. Speech and memory develop at about the same time. And in order to remember something, a person needs speech. That is, he must have words for that which he experiences. Scientists have conducted various tests with children. In doing so, they made an interesting discovery. As soon as children learn to speak, they forget everything that came before. The beginning of speech is therefore also the beginning of memory. Children learn a great deal in the first three years of their lives. They experience new things every day. They also have many important experiences at this age. Despite this, it all disappears. Psychologists refer to this phenomenon as infantile amnesia. Only the things that children can name remain. The autobiographical memory retains personal experiences. It functions like a journal. Everything that is important in our life is recorded in it. In this way, the autobiographical memory forms our identity. But its development is dependent upon the learning of the native language. And we can only activate our memory through our speech. The things that we learn as a baby are not really gone, of course. They are stored somewhere in our brain. We just can't access them anymore… – that's a shame, isn't it?

Guess the language!

______ is one of the eleven official languages of South ****ca. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in ****ca during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of ______ is simpler than that of Dutch today. It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English.

This is because the British also had colonies in the region. ______ is not only understood in South ****ca, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand ______. It is the native language of 7 million people in South ****ca alone. Even more people speak ______ as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of ****ca with ______. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!


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