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54 [fifty-four]



‫54 [أربعة وخمسون]‬

‫التسوق / التبضّع‬


I want to buy a present.
‫أريد أن أشتري هدية.‬
arid 'an 'ashtari hadiatan.
But nothing too expensive.
‫ولكن ألا تكون مكلفة.‬
wlukun 'alaa takun muklifatan.
Maybe a handbag?
‫ربما حقيبة يد.‬
rbuma haqibatan yd.
Which color would you like?
‫ما اللون الذي تريدينه ؟‬
ma allawn aldhy turidinah ?
Black, brown or white?
‫أسود، بني أم أبيض ؟‬
aswd, bani 'am 'abyad ?
A large one or a small one?
‫حقيبة كبيرة أم صغيرة ؟‬
hqibat kabirat 'ama saghira ?
May I see this one, please?
‫ممكن أن أرى هذه ؟‬
mmkn 'an 'araa hadhih ?
Is it made of leather?
‫هل هي من جلد ؟‬
hl hi min juld ?
Or is it made of plastic?
‫أم هي من مادة اصطناعية؟ ( البلاستيك )‬
am hi min madat aistinaeia? ( alblastyk )
Of leather, of course.
‫طبعاً ، من جلد.‬
tbeaan , min julida.
This is very good quality.
‫وهي من نوعية جيدة للغاية.‬
whi min naweiat jayidat lilghayata.
And the bag is really very reasonable.
‫والحقيبة ثمنها مناسب جداً.‬
walhaqibt thamanaha munasib jdaan.
I like it.
‫إنها تعجبني.‬
'iinaha tuejabni.
I’ll take it.
Can I exchange it if needed?
‫يمكنني تبديلها ؟‬
ymknny tabdiluha ?
Of course.
We’ll gift wrap it.
‫سنغلفها لك كهدية.‬
snaghlifuha lak kahdiata.
The cashier is over there.
‫الصندوق هناك.‬
alsunduq hunaka.

Who understands whom?

There are about 7 billion people in the world. They all have a language. Unfortunately, it's not always the same. So in order to speak with other nations, we must learn languages. That is often very arduous. But there are languages that are very similar. Their speakers understand one another, without mastering the other language. This phenomenon is called mutual intelligibility. Whereby two variants are distinguished. The first variant is oral mutual intelligibility. Here, the speakers understand each other when they talk. They do not understand the written form of the other language, however. This is because the languages have different written forms. Examples of this are the languages Hindi and Urdu. Written mutual intelligibility is the second variant. In this case, the other language is understood in its written form. But the speakers do not understand each other when they speak to each other. The reason for this is that they have very different pronunciation. German and Dutch are examples of this. The most closely related languages contain both variants. Meaning they are mutually intelligible both orally and in written form. Russian and Ukrainian or Thai and Laotian are examples. But there is also an asymmetrical form of mutual intelligibility. That is the case when speakers have different levels of understanding each other. Portuguese understand Spanish better than the Spanish understand Portuguese. Austrians also understand Germans better than the other way around. In these examples, pronunciation or dialect is a hindrance. He who really wants to have good conversations must learn something new…

AF Afrikaans is one of the eleven official languages of South Africa. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in Africa during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of Afrikaans is simpler than that of Dutch today.

It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English. This is because the British also had colonies in the region. Afrikaans is not only understood in South Africa, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand Afrikaans. It is the native language of 7 million people in South Africa alone. Even more people speak Afrikaans as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of Africa with Afrikaans. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!


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