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82 [eighty-two]

Past tense 2

 


‫82 [بیاسی]‬

‫ماضی 2‬

 

 
Did you have to call an ambulance?
‫کیا تمھیں ایمبولینس کو بلانا تھا ؟‬
kya tumhen ambulance ko bulana tha?
Did you have to call the doctor?
‫کیا تمھیں ڈاکٹر کو بلانا تھا ؟‬
kya tumhen dr ko bulana tha?
Did you have to call the police?
‫کیا تمھیں پولیس کو بلانا تھا؟‬
kya tumhen police ko bulana tha?
 
 
 
 
Do you have the telephone number? I had it just now.
‫کیا آپ کے پاس ٹیلیفون نمبر ہے ؟ ابھی تو میرے پاس تھا -‬
kya aap ke paas telephone number hai? abhi to mere paas tha -
Do you have the address? I had it just now.
‫کیا آپ کے پاس پتہ ہے ؟ ابھی تو میرے پاس تھا -‬
kya aap ke paas pata hai? abhi to mere paas tha -
Do you have the city map? I had it just now.
‫کیا آپ کے پاس شہر کا نقشہ ہے ؟ ابھی تو میرے پاس تھا -‬
kya aap ke paas shehar ka naqsha hai? abhi to mere paas tha -
 
 
 
 
Did he come on time? He could not come on time.
‫کیا وہ وقت پر آیا ؟ وہ وقت پر نہیں آسکا تھا -‬
kya woh waqt par aaya? woh waqt par nahi asaka tha -
Did he find the way? He could not find the way.
‫کیا اسے راستہ مل گیا ؟ اسے راستہ نہیں مل سکا تھا -‬
kya usay rasta mil gaya? usay rasta nahi mil saka tha -
Did he understand you? He could not understand me.
‫کیا وہ تمھیں سمجھ گیا؟ مجھے وہ نہیں سمجھ سکا تھا -‬
kya woh tumhen samajh gaya? mujhe woh nahi samajh saka tha -
 
 
 
 
Why could you not come on time?
‫تم وقت پر کیوں نہیں آ سکے ؟‬
tum waqt par kiyon nahi aa sakay?
Why could you not find the way?
‫تم راستہ کیوں نہیں معلوم کر سکے ؟‬
tum rasta kiyon nahi maloom kar sakay?
Why could you not understand him?
‫تم اسے کیوں نہیں سمجھ سکے ؟‬
tum usay kiyon nahi samajh sakay?
 
 
 
 
I could not come on time because there were no buses.
‫میں وقت پر نہیں آ سکا کیونکہ کوئی بس نہیں چل رہی تھی -‬
mein waqt par nahi aa saka kyunkay koi bas nahi chal rahi thi -
I could not find the way because I had no city map.
‫میں راستہ معلوم نہیں کر سکا کیونکہ میرے پاس نقشہ نہیں تھا -‬
mein rasta maloom nahi kar saka kyunkay mere paas naqsha nahi tha -
I could not understand him because the music was so loud.
‫میں اسے نہیں سمجھ سکا کیونکہ موسیقی تیز تھی -‬
mein usay nahi samajh saka kyunkay moseeqi taiz thi -
 
 
 
 
I had to take a taxi.
‫مجھے ٹیکسی لینی پڑی -‬
mujhe taxi leni pari -
I had to buy a city map.
‫مجھے ایک شہر کا نقشہ خریدنا پڑا -‬
mujhe aik naqsha khareedna para -
I had to switch off the radio.
‫مجھے ریڈیو بند کرنا پڑا -‬
mujhe radio band karna para -
 
 
 
 


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Adults do not learn languages as easily as children. Their brain is completely developed. Therefore, it can't establish new networks as easily anymore. But one can still learn a language very well as an adult! In order to do so, one must travel to the country where the language is spoken. A foreign language is learned especially effectively overseas. Anyone who has ever taken a language holiday knows this. One learns a new language better in its natural environment. A new study has just come to an interesting conclusion. It shows that a person learns a new language differently overseas as well! The brain can process the foreign language like the native language. Researchers have long believed that there are different learning processes. Now an experiment seems to have proven that. A group of test subjects had to learn a fictional language. Part of the test subjects went to regular lessons. The other part learned in a simulated overseas situation. These test subjects had to orient themselves in the foreign setting. Everyone with whom they had contact spoke the new language. The test subjects of this group were therefore not typical language students. They belonged to an unfamiliar community of speakers. This way they were forced to get help quickly with the new language. After a while the test subjects were tested. Both groups demonstrated an equally good knowledge of the new language. But their brains processed the foreign language differently! Those that learned "overseas" showed striking brain activities. Their brain processed the foreign grammar like their own language. The same mechanisms were identified in native speakers. A language holiday is the nicest and most effective form of learning!

Guess the language!

Lithuanian is counted among the Baltic languages. It is spoken by more than 3 million people. These people live in Lithuania, Belarus, and Poland. The only language it is closely related to is Latvian. Although Lithuania is a very small country, the language is divided into many dialects. Lithuanian is written in Latin letters, but it has a few special symbols. The many double vowels are typical. There are also several varieties of vowels, such as short, long, and nasal.

Lithuanian pronunciation is not difficult. The intonation is markedly more complicated because it is flexible. That is to say, it is based on the grammatical form of the word. It is interesting to note that Lithuanian is a very archaic language. It is considered the language that has strayed from its parent language the least. That means it is still very similar to the first Indo-European language. If you want to know how our ancestors spoke, you should learn Lithuanian.

 


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