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46 [forty-six]

In the discotheque


‫46 [چھیالیس]‬

‫ڈسکو میں‬


Is this seat taken?
‫کیا یہاں جگہ خالی ہے؟‬
kya yahan jagah khaali hai?
May I sit with you?
‫کیا میں آپ کے پاس بیٹھ سکتا ہوں؟‬
kya mein aap ke paas baith sakta hon?
‫ضرور، شوق سے‬
zaroor, shoq se
How do you like the music?
‫آپ کو موسیقی کیسی لگ رہی ہے؟‬
aap ko moseeqi kaisi lag rahi hai?
A little too loud.
‫آواز تھوڑی تیز ہے‬
aawaz thori taiz hai
But the band plays very well.
‫لیکن بینڈ بہت اچھی موسیقی پیش کر رہا ہے‬
lekin baind bohat achi moseeqi paish kar raha hai
Do you come here often?
‫کیا آپ اکثر یہاں آتے ہیں؟‬
kya aap aksar yahan atay hain?
No, this is the first time.
‫نہیں، آج پہلی بار آیا ہوں‬
nahi, aaj pehli baar aaya hon
I’ve never been here before.
‫اس سے پہلے کبھی نہیں آیا‬
is se pehlay kabhi nahi aaya
Would you like to dance?
‫کیا آپ ناچیں گے؟‬
kya aap nachin ge?
Maybe later.
‫شائد تھوڑی دیر بعد‬
shaed thori der baad
I can’t dance very well.
‫میں اچھی طرح سے نہیں ناچ سکتا ہوں‬
mein achi terhan se nahi naach sakta hon
It’s very easy.
‫یہ بہت آسان ہے‬
yeh bohat aasaan hai
I’ll show you.
‫میں آپ کو دکھاتا ہوں‬
mein aap ko dekhata hon
No, maybe some other time.
‫نہیں ابھی نہیں، پھر کبھی‬
nahi abhi nahi, phir kabhi
Are you waiting for someone?
‫کیا آپ کسی کا انتظار کر رہے ہیں؟‬
kya aap kisi ka intzaar kar rahay hain?
Yes, for my boyfriend.
‫جی ہاں، اپنے دوست کا‬
jee hain, apne dost ka
There he is!
‫وہ وہاں سے آ رہا ہے‬
woh wahan se aa raha hai

Genes influence language

The language we speak is dependent on our ancestry. But our genes are also responsible for our language. Scottish researchers have come to this conclusion. They examined how English differs from Chinese. In doing so they discovered that genes play a role, too. Because genes influence the development of our brain. That is to say, they shape our brain structures. With this, our ability to learn languages is determined. Variants of two genes are crucial to this. If a particular variant is scarce, tonal languages develop. So tonal languages are spoken by people without these gene variants. In tonal languages, the meaning of words is determined by the pitch of the tones. Chinese is included in the tonal languages, for example. If this gene variant is dominant, however, other languages develop. English is not a tonal language. The variants of this gene are not evenly distributed. That means they occur with differing frequency in the world. But languages only survive if they are passed down. In order to do this, children must be able to imitate the language of their parents. So they must be able to learn the language well. Only then will it be passed down from generation to generation. The older gene variant is the one that promotes tonal languages. So there were probably more tonal languages in the past than there are today. But one mustn't overestimate the genetic components. They can only add to explaining the development of languages. But there isn't a gene for English, or a gene for Chinese. Anybody can learn any language. You don't need genes for that, but rather only curiosity and discipline!

Guess the language!

Thai is a member of the Tai-Kadai language family. It is the native language of 20 million people. In contrast to most western languages, Thai is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pronunciation of syllables changes their meaning. Most Thai words consist of only one syllable. A word takes on a different meaning depending on the pitch in which a syllable is spoken. Altogether Thai distinguishes between five pitches. Thai society was strictly divided over many centuries.

As a result, Thai still recognizes at least five different levels of speech today. These range from a simple vernacular to a very polite form of speech. Furthermore, Thai is divided into many local dialects. The language's semiotic system is a hybrid of an alphabet and syllabic writing. The grammar construction is not very complex. Because Thai is an isolating language, there are no declensions or conjugations. Learn Thai - it is really a fascinating language!


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