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29 [twenty-nine]

At the restaurant 1


‫29 [انتیس]‬

‫ریسٹورانٹ 1 میں‬


Is this table taken?
‫کیا یہ میز خالی ہے؟‬
kya yeh maiz khaali hai?
I would like the menu, please.
‫مجھے مینو چاہیے‬
mujhe meino chahiye
What would you recommend?
‫آپ مجھے کیا مشورہ دیں گے؟‬
aap mujhe kya mahswara den ge?
I’d like a beer.
‫مجھے ایک بئیر چاہیے‬
mujhe aik beer chahiye
I’d like a mineral water.
‫مجھے پانی / منرل واٹر چاہیے‬
mujhe pani chahiye
I’d like an orange juice.
‫مجھے اورنج جوس چاہیے‬
mujhe orange juice chahiye
I’d like a coffee.
‫مجھے کافی چاہیے‬
mujhe kaafi chahiye
I’d like a coffee with milk.
‫مجھے کافی دودھ کے ساتھ چاہیے‬
mujhe kaafi doodh ke sath chahiye
With sugar, please.
‫شکر کے ساتھ پلیز‬
shukar ke sath plzzzz
I’d like a tea.
‫مجھے ایک چائے چاہیے‬
mujhe aik chaye chahiye
I’d like a tea with lemon.
‫مجھے ایک چائے لیمن / لیموں کے ساتھ چاہیے‬
mujhe aik chaye lemon ke sath chahiye
I’d like a tea with milk.
‫مجھے ایک چائے دودھ کے ساتھ چاہیے‬
mujhe aik chaye doodh ke sath chahiye
Do you have cigarettes?
‫کیا آپ کے پاس سگریٹ ہیں؟‬
kya aap ke paas cigrette hain?
Do you have an ashtray?
‫کیا آپ کے پاس ایش ٹرے ہے؟‬
kya aap ke paas aish hai?
Do you have a light?
‫کیا آپ کے پاس لائٹر ہے؟‬
kya aap ke paas lighter hai?
I’m missing a fork.
‫میرے پاس کانٹا نہیں ہے‬
mere paas kaanta nahi hai
I’m missing a knife.
‫میرے پاس چاقو نہیں ہے‬
mere paas chaako nahi hai
I’m missing a spoon.
‫میرے پاس چمچہ نہیں ہے‬
mere paas chamcha nahi hai

Grammar prevents lies!

Every language has particular features. But some also have characteristics that are unique worldwide. Among these languages is Trio. Trio is a Native American language in South America. Around 2,000 people in Brazil and Suriname speak it. What makes Trio special is its grammar. Because it forces its speakers to always tell the truth. The so-called frustrative ending is responsible for this. This ending is added to verbs in Trio. It indicates how true a sentence is. A simple example explains how exactly it works. Let's take the sentence The child went to school. In Trio, the speaker has to add a certain ending onto the verb. Through the ending he is able to communicate whether he saw the child himself. But he can also express that he only knows it from speaking to others. Or he says through the ending that he knows it's a lie. So the speaker has to commit to what he is saying. Meaning, he must communicate how true a statement is. In this way he cannot keep anything a secret or sugarcoat anything. If a Trio speaker leaves the ending off, he is deemed a liar. In Suriname the official language is Dutch. Translations from Dutch into Trio are often problematic. Because most languages are much less precise. They make it possible for the speakers to be vague. Therefore, interpreters don't always commit to what they are saying. The communication with Trio speakers is thereby difficult. Perhaps the frustrative ending would be helpful in other languages too!? Not only in the language of politics…

Guess the language!

*****onian is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in *****onia. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages.

The neighboring country of Serbia has especially influenced the *****onian language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for *****onian to establish itself as its own language. *****onian literature has especially suffered from this situation. *****onian is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the *****onian identity.


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