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5 [five]

Countries and Languages


‫5 [پانچ]‬

‫ممالک اور زبانیں‬


John is from London.
‫جون لندن کا رہنے والا ہے-‬
June London ka rehne wala hai -
London is in Great Britain.
‫لندن برطانیہ میں ہے-‬
London Bartania mein hai -
He speaks English.
‫وہ انگریزی بولتا ہے-‬
woh angrezi boltaa hai -
Maria is from Madrid.
‫ماریہ میڈرڈ کی رہنے والی ہے-‬
maria midrd ki rehne wali hai -
Madrid is in Spain.
‫میڈرڈ اسپین میں ہے-‬
midrd spain mein hai -
She speaks Spanish.
‫وہ اسپینش / ہسپانوی بولتی ہے-‬
woh Spenish bolti hai -
Peter and Martha are from Berlin.
‫پیٹر اور مارتھا برلن کے رہنے والے ہیں-‬
pitr aur martha Berlin ke rehne walay hin-
Berlin is in Germany.
‫برلن جرمنی میں ہے-‬
Berlin Germany mein hai -
Do both of you speak German?
‫کیا تم دونوں جرمن بولتے ہو؟‬
kya tum dono german boltay ho?
London is a capital city.
‫لندن دارلخلافہ ہے-‬
London darlkhlafh hai -
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities.
‫میڈرڈ اور برلن بھی دارلخلافہ ہیں-‬
midrd aur Berlin bhi darlkhlafh hin-
Capital cities are big and noisy.
‫دارلخلافہ بڑے اور شورزدہ ہوتے ہیں-‬
darlkhlafh barray aur hotay hin-
France is in Europe.
‫فرانس یورپ میں ہے-‬
France Europe mein hai -
Egypt is in Africa.
‫مصر افریقہ میں ہے-‬
misar Africa mein hai -
Japan is in Asia.
‫جاپان ایشیا میں ہے-‬
Japan asia mein hai -
Canada is in North America.
‫کینیڈا شمالی امریکا میں ہے-‬
canada shumali America mein hai -
Panama is in Central America.
‫پاناما سینٹرل امریکا میں ہے-‬
panama central America mein hai -
Brazil is in South America.
‫برازیل جنوبی امریکا میں ہے-‬
brazil janoobi America mein hai -

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!

Guess the language!

Bulgarian is counted among the South Slavic languages. About 10 million people speak Bulgarian. The majority of those people, of course, live in Bulgaria. Bulgarian is spoken in other countries as well, however. Among those are Ukraine and Moldova. Bulgarian is one of the oldest documented Slavic languages. It has many specific features too. The similarity to Albanian and Romanian is striking.

These languages are not Slavic languages. There are many parallels nevertheless. Therefore, all of these languages are also denoted as Balkan languages. They have a lot in common, although they are not related to each other. Bulgarian verbs can take on many forms. There is also no infinitive in Bulgarian. If you want to learn this interesting language you will soon discover many new things!

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