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93 [ninety-three]

Subordinate clauses: if

 


‫93 [تیرانوے]‬

‫ضمنی جملے "آیا کہ"‬

 

 
I don’t know if he loves me.
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھ سے مھبت کرتا ہے - میں نہیں جانتی‬
aaya kay woh mujh se karta hai, mein nahi janti -
I don’t know if he’ll come back.
‫آیا کہ وہ واپس آئے گا - میں نہیں جانتی‬
aaya kay woh wapas aaye ga, mein nahi janti -
I don’t know if he’ll call me.
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھے فون کرے گا - میں نہیں جانتی‬
aaya kay woh mujhe phone kare ga, mein nahi janti -
 
 
 
 
Maybe he doesn’t love me?
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھ سے مھبت کرتا ہے ؟‬
aaya kay woh mujh se karta hai?
Maybe he won’t come back?
‫آیا کہ وہ واپس آئے گا ؟‬
aaya kay woh wapas aaye ga?
Maybe he won’t call me?
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھے فون کرے گا ؟‬
aaya kay woh mujhe phone kare ga?
 
 
 
 
I wonder if he thinks about me.
‫میں سوچتی ہوں آیا کہ وہ میرے بارے میں سوچتا ہے -‬
mein sochti hon aaya kay woh mere baray mein sochta hoga -
I wonder if he has someone else.
‫میں سوچتی ہوں آیا کہ اس کے پاس کوئی اور ہے -‬
mein sochti hon aaya kay is ke paas koi aur hogi -
I wonder if he lies.
‫میں سوچتی ہوں آیا کہ وہ جھوٹ بولتا ہے -‬
mein sochti hon aaya kay woh jhoot boltaa hai -
 
 
 
 
Maybe he thinks of me?
‫آیا کہ وہ میرے بارے میں سوچتا ہے؟‬
aaya kay woh mere baray mein sochta ho ga?
Maybe he has someone else?
‫آیا کہ اس کے پاس کوئی اور ہے؟‬
aaya kay is ke paas koi aur ho gi?
Maybe he tells me the truth?
‫آیا کہ وہ سچ بولتا ہے ـ‬
aaya kay woh sach boltaa hai -
 
 
 
 
I doubt whether he really likes me.
‫میں شک میں ہوں آیا کہ وہ مجھے واقعی پسند کرتا ہے -‬
mein shak mein hon aaya kay woh mujhe waqai pasand karta hai -
I doubt whether he’ll write to me.
‫میں شک میں ہوں آیا کہ وہ مجھے خط لکھے گا -‬
mein shak mein hon aaya kay woh mujhe khat likhay ga -
I doubt whether he’ll marry me.
‫میں شک میں ہوں آیا کہ وہ مجھ سے شادی کرے گا -‬
mein shak mein hon aaya kay woh mujh se shadi kare ga -
 
 
 
 
Does he really like me?
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھے واقعی پسند کرتا ہے ؟‬
aaya kay woh mujhe waqai pasand karta hai?
Will he write to me?
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھے خط لکھے گا ؟‬
aaya kay woh mujhe khat likhay ga?
Will he marry me?
‫آیا کہ وہ مجھ سے شادی کرے گا ؟‬
aaya kay woh mujh se shadi kare ga?
 
 
 
 
 


How does the brain learn grammar?

We begin to learn our native language as babies. This happens automatically. We are not aware of it. Our brain has to accomplish a great deal when learning, however. When we learn grammar, for example, it has a lot of work to do. Every day it hears new things. It receives new stimuli constantly. The brain can't process every stimulus individually, however. It has to act economically. Therefore, it orients itself toward regularity. The brain remembers what it hears often. It registers how often a specific thing occurs. Then it makes a grammatical rule out of these examples. Children know whether a sentence is correct or not. However, they don't know why that is. Their brain knows the rules without having learned them. Adults learn languages differently. They already know the structures of their native language. These build the basis for the new grammatical rules. But in order to learn, adults need teaching. When the brain learns grammar, it has a fixed system. This can be seen with nouns and verbs, for example. They are stored in different regions of the brain. Different areas of the brain are active when processing them. Simple rules are also learned differently than complex rules. With complex rules, more areas of the brain work together. How exactly the brain learns grammar hasn't been researched yet. However, we know that it can theoretically learn every grammar rule…

Guess the language!

______ is among the languages that dominate the book market. Great works in world literature were written by ______ authors. Thus many books are translated from ______. ______s also enjoy reading new texts so translators always have a lot to do. ______ is the native language of about 160 million people. Additionally, many people in other Slavic countries speak ______. With that, ______ is the most widespread language in Europe. Approximately 280 million people speak ______ worldwide.

As an Eastern Slavic language, ______ is related to Ukrainian and Belarusian. ______ grammar is structured very systematically. That is an advantage for people who like to think analytically and logically. ______ is absolutely worth learning! ______ is an important language in science, art and technology. And wouldn't it be nice to be able to read famous ______ literary works in their original form?

 


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