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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

 


‫32 [بتیس]‬

‫ریسٹورانٹ 4 میں‬

 

 
I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
‫ایک فرنچ فرائز کیچپ کے ساتھ دے دیں‬
aik French fraiz ketchap ke sath
And two with mayonnaise.
‫اور دو مایونیزے کے ساتھ دے دیں‬
aur do mayonaise ke sath
And three sausages with mustard.
‫اور تین ساسج مسٹرڈ کے ساتھ دے دیں‬
aur teen sausage mstrd ke sath
 
 
 
 
What vegetables do you have?
‫آپ کے پاس کونسی سبزیاں ہیں؟‬
aap ke paas konsi sabzian hain?
Do you have beans?
‫آپ کے پاس لوبیا ہے؟‬
aap ke paas lobia hai?
Do you have cauliflower?
‫آپ کے پاس پھول گوبھی ہے؟‬
aap ke paas phool gobhi hai?
 
 
 
 
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
‫میں مکئ شوق سے کھاتا ہوں‬
mein makai shoq se khata hon
I like to eat cucumber.
‫میں ککڑی شوق سے کھاتا ہوں‬
mein kakri shoq se khata hon
I like to eat tomatoes.
‫میں ٹماٹر شوق سے کھاتا ہوں‬
mein timatar shoq se khata hon
 
 
 
 
Do you also like to eat leek?
‫کیا آپ پیاز بھی شوق سے کھاتے ہیں؟‬
kya aap pyaaz bhi shoq se khatay hain?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
‫کیا آپ گوبھی بھی شوق سے کھاتے ہیں؟‬
kya aap gobhi bhi shoq se khatay hain?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
‫کیا آپ دال بھی شوق سے کھاتے ہیں؟‬
kya aap daal bhi shoq se khatay hain?
 
 
 
 
Do you also like to eat carrots?
‫کیا تم گاجر بھی شوق سے کھاتے ہو؟‬
kya tum gaajar bhi shoq se khatay ho?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
‫کیا تم گوبھی بھی شوق سے کھاتے ہو؟‬
kya tum gobhi bhi shoq se khatay ho?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
‫کیا تم مرچیں بھی شوق سے کھاتے ہو؟‬
kya tum mirchain bhi shoq se khatay ho?
 
 
 
 
I don’t like onions.
‫مجھے پیاز پسند نہیں ہے‬
mujhe pyaaz pasand nahi hai
I don’t like olives.
‫مجھے زیتون پسند نہیں ہے‬
mujhe Zaitoon pasand nahi hai
I don’t like mushrooms.
‫مجھے کھمبی پسند نہیں ہے‬
mujhe khumbi pasand nahi hai
 
 
 
 
 


Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!

 


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book2 English US - Urdu for beginners