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96 [ninety-six]

Conjunctions 3

 


‫96 [ستة وتسعون]‬

‫أدوات الربط 3‬

 

 
I get up as soon as the alarm rings.
‫سأنهض حالما يرن المنبه.‬
s'anhad halima yarun almunbaha.
I become tired as soon as I have to study.
‫أشعر بالتعب حالما أبدأ بالدراسة.‬
ashueur bialtueb halima 'abda bialdarasata.
I will stop working as soon as I am 60.
‫سأتوقف عن العمل حالما أبلغ الستين.‬
s'atawaqaf ean aleamal halma 'ablugh alstina.
 
 
 
 
When will you call?
‫متى ستتصل بالهاتف ؟‬
mta satatasal bialhatif ?
As soon as I have a moment.
‫حالما تسنح لي الفرصة.‬
halma tasnah li alfursata.
He’ll call, as soon as he has a little time.
‫سيتصل بالهاتف حالما تسنح له الفرصة‬
syatasil bialhatif halma tasnah lah alfurasat
 
 
 
 
How long will you work?
‫إلى متى ستعمل؟‬
'iilaa mataa steml?
I’ll work as long as I can.
‫سأعمل ما دمت قادراً على ذلك.‬
s'aemal maa dumt qadraan ealaa dhalka.
I’ll work as long as I am healthy.
‫سأعمل ما دمت بصحة جيدة.‬
is'aemal maa dumt bisihat jayidta.
 
 
 
 
He lies in bed instead of working.
‫إنه مستلق على السرير بدل أن يعمل.‬
'iinah mustaliq ealaa alsarir bdl 'an yaemala.
She reads the newspaper instead of cooking.
‫هي تقرأ الجريدة بدل أن تطبخ.‬
hi taqra aljaridat bdl 'an tutbakha.
He is at the bar instead of going home.
‫إنه يجلس في الحانة بدل أن يذهب إلى البيت.‬
'iinah yujlis fi alhanat bdl 'an yadhhab 'iilaa albayt.
 
 
 
 
As far as I know, he lives here.
‫حسب علمي هو يسكن هنا.‬
hsib eilmiin hu yuskin huna.
As far as I know, his wife is ill.
‫حسب علمي زوجته مريضة.‬
hsib eilmi zawjatih muridata.
As far as I know, he is unemployed.
‫حسب علمي هو عاطل عن العمل.‬
hsib eilmi hu eatil ean aleaml.
 
 
 
 
I overslept; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫لو لم أغرق في النوم لكنت في الموعد.‬
lw lm 'aghraq fi alnuwm lakunt fi almueid.
I missed the bus; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫لو لم تفتني الحافلة لكنت في الموعد.‬
lw lm taftiniy alhafilat lakunt fi almueid.
I didn’t find the way / I got lost; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫لو لم أضل الطريق لكنت في الموعد.‬
lw lm 'adala altariq lakunt fi almueid.
 
 
 
 


Language and math

Thinking and speech go together. They influence one another. Linguistic structures influence the structures of our thinking. In some languages, for example, there are no words for numbers. The speakers do not understand the concept of numbers. So math and language also go together in some way. Grammatical and mathematical structures are often similar. Some researchers believe that they are also processed similarly. They believe that the speech center is also responsible for math. It can help the brain to perform calculations. Recent studies are coming to another conclusion, however. They show that our brain processes math without speech. Researchers studied three men. The brains of these test subjects were injured. As a result, the speech center was also damaged. The men had big problems with speaking. They could no longer formulate simple sentences. They couldn't understand words either. After the speech test the men had to solve math problems. A few of these mathematical puzzles were very complex. Even so, the test subjects could solve them! The results of this study are very interesting. They show that math is not encoded with words. It's possible that language and math have the same basis. Both are processed from the same center. But math doesn't have to be translated into speech first. Perhaps language and math develop together too... Then when the brain has finished developing, they exist separately!

Guess the language!

Slovakian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czechoslovakia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. Slovakian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. Slovakian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that Slovakian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.

 


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