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68 [sixty-eight]

big – small

 


‫68 [ثمانية وستون]‬

‫كبيرـــــــصغير‬

 

 
big and small
‫كبير وصغير‬
kbir wasaghir
The elephant is big.
‫الفيل كبير.‬
alfil kabirun.
The mouse is small.
‫الفأر صغير.‬
alfar saghira.
 
 
 
 
dark and bright
‫مظلم ومضيئ‬
mzilam wamadiaya
The night is dark.
‫الليلة مظلمة.‬
allaylat muzlimatan.
The day is bright.
النهار مشرق
alnahar mushriq
 
 
 
 
old and young
‫طاعن في السن وشاب‬
taaein fi alsini washaban
Our grandfather is very old.
‫جدنا طاعن في السن (عجوز).‬
jdina taein fi alsini (ejuza).
70 years ago he was still young.
‫وقبل سبعين عاماً كان شاباً.‬
wqbl sabein eamaan kan shabaan.
 
 
 
 
beautiful and ugly
‫جميل وقبيح‬
jmil waqabayh
The butterfly is beautiful.
‫الفراشة جميلة.‬
alfarashat jamilat.
The spider is ugly.
‫العنكبوت قبيح.‬
aleinkubut qubyha.
 
 
 
 
fat and thin
‫سمين ونحيل‬
smin wanahial
A woman who weighs a hundred kilos is fat.
‫إمرأة وزهنا 100 كيلوهي سمينة.‬
'imar'at wazahna 100 kiluhi saminata.
A man who weighs fifty kilos is thin.
‫رجل وزنه 50 كيلو هو نحيل.‬
rjul waznuh 50 kilu hu nahil.
 
 
 
 
expensive and cheap
‫غالٍ(باهظ الثمن)ورخيص‬
ghalin(bahz althamn)wrkhis
The car is expensive.
‫السيارة باهظة الثمن.‬
alsayaarat bahizat althamna.
The newspaper is cheap.
‫الصحيفة رخيصة.‬
alshifat rakhisat.
 
 
 
 


Code-switching

More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching. In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…

Guess the language!

Finnish is the native language of approximately 5 million people. It is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is closely related to Estonian, and very distantly related to Hungarian. As a Uralic language, it strongly differentiates itself from the Indo-Germanic languages. An example of this is its agglutinating language structure. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixed syllables. This is how long words originate that are so typical for Finnish. Another hallmark of Finnish is its many vowels.

Finnish grammar distinguishes between 15 different cases. It is important to clearly separate long and short sounds in the intonation. Written and spoken Finnish are noticeably different from each other. This phenomenon is less pronounced in other European languages. All of this makes Finnish not especially easy. But all rules are consistently upheld. And the nice thing about Finnish is that it is so completely logical!

 


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