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66 [sixty-six]

Possessive pronouns 1


‫66 [ستة وستون]‬

‫ضمائر الملكية 1‬


I – my
‫أنا ـــــــــ ي / ـــــي‬
ana y / y
I can’t find my key.
‫لا أجد مفتاحي.‬
lla 'ajid mufatahi
I can’t find my ticket.
‫لا أجد تذكرة سفري.‬
lla 'ajid tadhkiratan safri
you – your
‫ أنت ــــــــ ــك/ ك‬
'ant k/ k
Have you found your key?
‫هل وجدت مفتاحك؟‬
hl wajadat maftahk
Have you found your ticket?
‫هل وجدت تذكرة سفرك؟‬
hl wajadat tadhkirat safark
he – his
‫هو ـــــــــ ـــــه/ ه‬
hw h/ h
Do you know where his key is?
‫أتعلم أين هو مفتاحه؟‬
ataelam 'ayn hu muftahuh
Do you know where his ticket is?
‫أتعلم أين هي تذكرة سفره؟‬
ataelam 'ayn hi tadhkirat safruh
she – her
‫هي ــــــــــ ها / ـــها‬
hi ha / ha
Her money is gone.
‫لقد فقدت نقودها.‬
lqad faqadat naqudha
And her credit card is also gone.
‫كما أنها فقدت بطاقتها الإئتمانية.‬
kma 'annaha faqadat bitaqatiha al'iitmaniata
we – our
‫نحن ـــــــــ نا‬
nhin na
Our grandfather is ill.
‫جدنا مريض.‬
jidna marid
Our grandmother is healthy.
‫جدتنا بصحة جيدة.‬
jdtuna bisihhat jayidata
you – your
‫أنتم ـــــــــ كم ــــكم/أنتنّ ــــــــ ــكن‬
antim kam km/antn kn
Children, where is your father?
‫يا أطفال، أين والدكم؟‬
yaa 'atfal, 'ayn walddakum
Children, where is your mother?
‫يا أطفال، أين والدتكم؟‬
yaa 'atfala, 'ayn walidatakum

Creative Language

Today, creativity is an important feature. Everyone wants to be creative. Because creative people are considered intelligent. Our language should be creative as well. Previously, people tried to speak as correctly as possible. Today a person should speak as creatively as possible. Advertising and new media are examples of this. They demonstrate how one can play with language. For the last 50 years the significance of creativity has increased greatly. Even research is concerned with the phenomenon. Psychologists, educators and philosophers examine creative processes. Creativity is defined as the ability to create something new. So a creative speaker produces new linguistic forms. They could be words or grammatical structures. By studying creative language, linguists can identify how language changes. But not everyone understands new linguistic elements. In order to understand creative language, you need knowledge. One must know how language functions. And one must be familiar with the world in which the speakers live. Only then can one understand what they want to say. Teenage slang is an example of this. Kids and young people are always inventing new terms. Adults often do not understand these words. Now, dictionaries have been published that explain teenage slang. But they are usually already outdated after just one generation! However, creative language can be learned. Trainers offer several courses in it. The most important rule is always: activate your inner voice!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the constructed languages. Constructed languages are deliberately created, so they follow a clear plan. Elements from different languages are mixed in the process. In this way, constructed languages should be easy to learn for as many people as possible. ______ was first introduced in Warsaw in 1887. Its founder was the doctor Ludwik L. Zamenhof (pseudonym: Dr. ______, the Hopeful). He believed that communication problems were the main cause of unhappiness. Therefore, he wanted to create a neutral language that brought people together.

Today ______ is the most well-known constructed language in the world. It is also associated with goals like tolerance and civil rights. ______ is largely Indo-European oriented. The majority of the vocabulary, for example, is originally Romanian. People in more than 120 countries are proficient in the language. They get together regularly in clubs and at international conventions. Learn ______ and find new friends!


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book2 English US - Arabic for beginners