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48 [forty-eight]

Vacation activities

 


‫48[ثمانية وأربعون]‬

‫نشاط الإجازة / العطلة‬

 

 
Is the beach clean?
‫هل الشاطئ نظيف؟‬
hl alshshati nazif?
Can one swim there?
‫هل السباحة ممكنة هناك؟‬
hl alsabbahat mumkinatan hunak?
Isn’t it dangerous to swim there?
‫هل السباحةخطرة هناك؟‬
hl alsabahtkhtrt hnak?
 
 
 
 
Can one rent a sun umbrella / parasol here?
‫أيمكننااستئجار مظلة؟‬
ayamkanunaastijar muzlat?
Can one rent a deck chair here?
‫أيمكننا استئجار كرسي مريح قابل للطي؟‬
aymkanna aistijar kursiin murih qabil lilty?
Can one rent a boat here?
‫أيمكننا استئجار قارب؟‬
ayamkanna aistijar qarba?
 
 
 
 
I would like to surf.
‫أحب ركوب الأمواج.‬
ahab rukub al'amwaj.
I would like to dive.
‫أحب الغطس.‬
ahub alghatsa.
I would like to water ski.
‫أحب التزلق على الماء.‬
ahub altazaluq ealaa alma'.
 
 
 
 
Can one rent a surfboard?
‫أيمكننا استئجار خشبة الانزلاق؟‬
aymkanna aistijar khshbt alainzilaq?
Can one rent diving equipment?
‫أيمكننا استئجار معدات الغوص؟‬
aymkanna aistijar mueaddat alghaws?
Can one rent water skis?
‫أيمكننا استئجار زحافات الماء؟‬
aymkanna aistijar zahafat alma'?
 
 
 
 
I’m only a beginner.
‫أنا لست سوى مبتدئ.‬
ana last siwaa mubtady.
I’m moderately good.
‫إنني معتدل.‬
'iinani muetadla.
I’m pretty good at it.
‫إني على دراية بذلك.‬
'iini ealaa dirayat badhlka.
 
 
 
 
Where is the ski lift?
‫أين هو المصعد الهوائي؟‬
'ayn hu almasead alhawayiy?
Do you have skis?
‫هل لديك خشبة التزلج؟‬
hl ladayk khshbt altazlj?
Do you have ski boots?
‫هل لديك أحذية التزلج؟‬
hl ladayk 'ahdhiat altazlj?
 
 
 
 


The language of pictures

A German saying goes: A picture says more than a thousand words. That means that pictures are often understood faster than speech. Pictures can also convey emotions better. Because of this, advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures function differently than speech. They show us several things simultaneously and in their totality. That means that the whole image together has a certain effect. With speech, considerably more words are needed. But images and speech go together. We need speech in order to describe a picture. By the same token, many texts are first understood through images. The relationship between images and speech is being studied by linguists. It also raises the question whether pictures are a language in their own right. If something is only filmed, we can look at the images. But the message of the film isn't concrete. If an image is meant to function as speech, it must be concrete. The less it shows, the clearer its message. Pictograms are a good example of this. Pictograms are simple and clear pictorial symbols. They replace verbal language, and as such are a form of visual communication. Everyone knows the pictogram for "no smoking" for example. It shows a cigarette with a line through it. Images are becoming even more important due to globalization. But you also have to study the language of images. It is not understandable worldwide, even though many think so. Because our culture influences our understanding of images. What we see is dependent on many different factors. So some people don't see cigarettes, but only dark lines.

Guess the language!

Turkish is one of the nearly 40 Turk languages. It is most closely related to the Azerbaijani language. It is the native or second language of more than 80 million people. These people live primarily in Turkey and in the Balkans. Emigrants also took Turkish to Europe, America and Australia. Turkish has also been influenced by other languages. The vocabulary contains words from Arabic and French. A hallmark of the Turkish language is the many different dialects.

The Istanbul dialect is considered the basis for today's standard language. The grammar distinguishes between six cases. The agglutinating language structure is also characteristic for Turkish. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixes. There is a fixed sequence to these endings but there can be many of them. This principle differentiates Turkish from the Indo-Germanic languages.

 


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