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41 [forty-one]

Where is ... ?


‫41 [واحد وأربعون]‬

‫الإتجاه الصحيح‬


Where is the tourist information office?
‫أين هو المكتب السياحي ؟‬
ayn hu almaktab alsiyahiu ?
Do you have a city map for me?
‫هل يمكنك إعطائي مخططاً للمدينة ؟‬
hl yumkinuk 'iietayiyun mkhttaan lilmadina ?
Can one reserve a room here?
‫أيمكنني هنا حجز غرفة في فندق ؟‬
aymkanni huna hajz ghurfatan fi funduq ?
Where is the old city?
‫أين هي المدينة القديمة؟‬
ayn hi almadinat alqadiymt?
Where is the cathedral?
‫أين هي الكاتدرائية؟‬
ayn hi alkatidarayiyat?
Where is the museum?
‫أين هو المتحف؟‬
ayn hu almthf?
Where can one buy stamps?
‫أين يمكنني شراء طوابع بريدية؟‬
ayn yumkinuni shira' tawabie baridi?
Where can one buy flowers?
‫أين يمكنني شراء زهور؟‬
ayn yumkinuni shira' zuhura?
Where can one buy tickets?
‫أين يمكنني شراء تذاكر سفر؟‬
ayn yumkinuni shira' tadhakar sufr?
Where is the harbour / harbor (am.)?
‫أين هو المرفأ / الميناء؟‬
'ayn hu almarfa / almiana'?
Where is the market?
‫أين هو السوق؟‬
aiyn hu alsuwqa?
Where is the castle?
‫أين هو القصر؟‬
ayn hu alqasra?
When does the tour begin?
‫متى تبدأ الجولة؟‬
mataa tabda aljawlat?
When does the tour end?
‫متى تنتهي الجولة ؟‬
mta tantahi aljawla ?
How long is the tour?
‫كم تدوم الجولة؟‬
km tadawm aljawlata?
I would like a guide who speaks German.
‫أريد دليلاً سياحياً يتكلم الألمانية.‬
arid dlylaan syahyaan yatakalam al'almaniata.
I would like a guide who speaks Italian.
‫أريد دليلاً سياحياً يتكلم الإيطالية.‬
arid dlylaan syahyaan yatakalam al'iitaliata.
I would like a guide who speaks French.
‫أريد دليلاً سياحياً يتكلم يتكلم الافرنسية.‬
arid dlylaan syahyaan yatakalam yatakalam alafrnsyata.

Universal language English

English is the most widespread language in the world. But Mandarin, or High Chinese, has the most native speakers. English is the native language of "only" 350 million people. However, English has a great deal of influence on other languages. Since the middle of the 20th century it has taken on greater significance. This is largely due to the development of the USA into a superpower. English is the first foreign language taught in schools in many countries. International organizations use English as their official language. English is also the official language or common language of many countries. It is possible, however, that soon other languages will take over these functions. English belongs to the West Germanic languages. Therefore it is closely related to German, for example. But the language has changed significantly in the last 1,000 years. Earlier, English was an inflecting language. Most endings with a grammatical function have disappeared. Therefore, English can be counted among the isolating languages. This type of language is more similar to Chinese than to German. In the future, the English language will be further simplified. The irregular verbs will most likely disappear. English is simple compared to other Indo-European languages. But English orthography is very difficult. This is because spelling and pronunciation differ strongly from one another. English orthography has been the same for centuries. But pronunciation has changed considerably. As a result, one still writes the way one spoke in 1400. There are also many irregularities in pronunciation. There are 6 variants for the letter combination ough alone! Test yourself! – thorough, thought, through, rough, bough, cough.

Guess the language!

Slovakian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czechoslovakia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. Slovakian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. Slovakian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that Slovakian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.


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book2 English US - Arabic for beginners