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33 [thirty-three]

At the train station


‫33 [ثلاثة وثلاثون]‬

‫فى محطة القطار‬


When is the next train to Berlin?
‫متى ينطلق القطار التالي إلى برلين؟‬
mtaa yantaliq alqitar alttali 'iilaa barlin
When is the next train to Paris?
‫متى ينطلق القطار التالي إلى باريس؟‬
mta yantaliq alqitar alttali 'iilaa baris
When is the next train to London?
‫متى ينطلق القطار التالي إلى لندن؟‬
mtaa yantaliq alqitar alttali 'iilaa landan
When does the train for Warsaw leave?
‫متى ينطلق القطار إلى وارسو؟‬
mta yantaliq alqitar 'iilaa warsw
When does the train for Stockholm leave?
‫متى ينطلق القطار إلى ستوكهولم؟‬
mta yantaliq alqitar 'iilaa stwkhwlm
When does the train for Budapest leave?
‫متى ينطلق القطار إلى بودابست؟‬
mtaa yantaliq alqitar 'iilaa budabist
I’d like a ticket to Madrid.
‫أريد تذكرة سفر إلى مدريد.‬
arid tadhkirat safar 'iilaa madrid
I’d like a ticket to Prague.
‫أريد تذكرة سفر إلى براغ.‬
arid tadhkirat safar 'iilaa baragha
I’d like a ticket to Bern.
‫أريد تذكرة سفر إلى برن.‬
arid tadhkirat safar 'iilaa barn
When does the train arrive in Vienna?
‫متى يصل القطار إلى فيينا؟‬
mtaa yasil alqitar 'iilaa fiinna
When does the train arrive in Moscow?
‫متى يصل القطار إلى موسكو؟‬
mtaa yasil alqitar 'iilaa mwskw
When does the train arrive in Amsterdam?
‫متى يصل القطار إلى أمستردام؟‬
mta yasil alqitar 'iilaa 'amstardam
Do I have to change trains?
‫هل علي أن أبدل القطار لمتابعة السفر؟‬
hl ealay 'an 'ubdil alqitar limutabaeat alssifr
From which platform does the train leave?
‫من أي رصيف ينطلق القطار؟‬
mn 'ay rasif yantaliq alqatar
Does the train have sleepers?
‫هل في القطار عربة نوم؟‬
hl fi alqitar earabat nwm
I’d like a one-way ticket to Brussels.
‫أريد تذكرة ذهاب فقط إلى بروكسل.‬
arid tadhkirat dhahab faqat 'iilaa bruksl
I’d like a return ticket to Copenhagen.
‫أريد تذكرة ذهاب وإياب إلى كوبنهاغن.‬
arid tadhkiratan dhahab wa'iiab 'iilaa kubinhaghn
What does a berth in the sleeper cost?
‫كم كلفة المنامة في العربة؟‬
kum kulfat almanamat fi alearbat

Language change

The world in which we live changes every day. As a result, our language can never stagnate. It continues to develop with us and is therefore dynamic. This change can affect all areas of a language. That is to say, it can apply to various aspects. Phonological change affects the sound system of a language. With semantic change, the meaning of words change. Lexical change involves changes to vocabulary. Grammatical change alters grammatical structures. The reasons for linguistic change are varied. Often economic reasons exist. Speakers or writers want to save time or effort. Such being the case, they simplify their speech. Innovations can also promote language change. That is the case, for instance, when new things are invented. These things need names, so new words emerge. Language change is typically not planned. It is a natural process and often happens automatically. But speakers can also vary their language quite consciously. They do that when they want to achieve a certain effect. The influence of foreign languages also promotes language change. This becomes particularly obvious in times of globalization. The English language influences other languages more than any other. You can find English words in almost every language. They are called Anglicisms. Language change has been criticized or feared since ancient times. At the same time, language change is a positive sign. Because it proves: Our language is alive – just like us!

Guess the language!

______ belongs to the Iranian language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan and Tajikistan. It is important in other countries too, however. Among them are Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Bahrain, Iraq and India. ______ is the native language of approximately 70 million people. An additional 50 million people speak it as a second language. Different dialects are spoken depending on the region. In Iran, the Teheran dialect is considered the standard spoken language.

In addition, the official written language of ______ also has to be learned. The ______ semiotic system is a variation of the Arabic alphabet. ______ contains no noun markers. There are also no grammatical genders. In the past ______ was the most important common language of the Orient. When you study ______ you quickly discover a fascinating culture. And ______ literature is among the most significant literary traditions in the world.


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