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96 [ninety-six]

Conjunctions 3

 


96 [тIокIиплIырэ пшIыкIухырэ]

Зэпххэр 3

 

 
I get up as soon as the alarm rings.
Сыхьатыр къызэрэтеоу, сыкъэтэджы.
Syh'atyr kyzjerjeteou, sykjetjedzhy.
I become tired as soon as I have to study.
Зыгорэ зэзгъэшIэн фаеу зыхъурэм, сэ сыкъэпшъы.
Zygorje zjezgjeshIjen faeu zyhurjem, sje sykjepshy.
I will stop working as soon as I am 60.
Илъэс тIокIищ сызэрэхъоу, Iоф шIэныр щызгъэтыжьыщт.
Iljes tIokIishh syzjerjehou, Iof shIjenyr shhyzgjetyzh'yshht.
 
 
 
 
When will you call?
Сыдигъуа укъызытеощтыр?
Sydigua ukyzyteoshhtyr?
As soon as I have a moment.
Уахътэ , тIэкIу ныIэми, сиIэ зэрэхъоу.
Uahtje , tIjekIu nyIjemi, siIje zjerjehou.
He’ll call, as soon as he has a little time.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) къызытеощтыр, уахътэ, тIэкIу ныIэми, иIэ зэрэхъоу.
Ar (hulfyg) kyzyteoshhtyr, uahtje, tIjekIu nyIjemi, iIje zjerjehou.
 
 
 
 
How long will you work?
Бэрэ Iоф пшIэщта?
Bjerje Iof pshIjeshhta?
I’ll work as long as I can.
СэлъэкIыфэ Iоф сшIэщт.
SjeljekIyfje Iof sshIjeshht.
I’ll work as long as I am healthy.
Сэпсауфэ Iоф сшIэщт.
Sjepsaufje Iof sshIjeshht.
 
 
 
 
He lies in bed instead of working.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) пIэм хэлъ, Iоф ышIэным ычIыпIэ.
Ar (hulfyg) pIjem hjel, Iof yshIjenym ychIypIje.
She reads the newspaper instead of cooking.
Ар (бзылъфыгъ) гъэзетэм еджэ, пщэрыхьаным ычIыпIэ.
Ar (bzylfyg) gjezetjem edzhje, pshhjeryh'anym ychIypIje.
He is at the bar instead of going home.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) пивэщапIэм чIэс, унэм кIожьыным ычIыпIэ.
Ar (hulfyg) pivjeshhapIjem chIjes, unjem kIozh'ynym ychIypIje.
 
 
 
 
As far as I know, he lives here.
СызэрэщыгъуазэмкIэ, ар мыщ щэпсэу.
SyzjerjeshhyguazjemkIje, ar myshh shhjepsjeu.
As far as I know, his wife is ill.
СызэрэщыгъуазэмкIэ, ащ ишъхьагъусэ (ишъуз) сымадж.
SyzjerjeshhyguazjemkIje, ashh ishh'agusje (ishuz) symadzh.
As far as I know, he is unemployed.
СызэрэщыгъуазэмкIэ, ар IофшIэнынчъ.
SyzjerjeshhyguazjemkIje, ar IofshIjenynch.
 
 
 
 
I overslept; otherwise I’d have been on time.
Сэ сыхэчъыягъ нахь, армырмэ игъом сыкъэсыщтгъагъэ.
Sje syhjechyjag nah', armyrmje igom sykjesyshhtgagje.
I missed the bus; otherwise I’d have been on time.
Сэ автобусыр блэстIупщыгъ нахь, армырмэ игъом сыкъэсыщтыгъэ.
Sje avtobusyr bljestIupshhyg nah', armyrmje igom sykjesyshhtygje.
I didn’t find the way / I got lost; otherwise I’d have been on time.
Сэ гъогур згъотыгъэп нахь, армырмэ игъом сыкъэсыщтгъагъэ.
Sje gogur zgotygjep nah', armyrmje igom sykjesyshhtgagje.
 
 
 
 
 

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Language and math

Thinking and speech go together. They influence one another. Linguistic structures influence the structures of our thinking. In some languages, for example, there are no words for numbers. The speakers do not understand the concept of numbers. So math and language also go together in some way. Grammatical and mathematical structures are often similar. Some researchers believe that they are also processed similarly. They believe that the speech center is also responsible for math. It can help the brain to perform calculations. Recent studies are coming to another conclusion, however. They show that our brain processes math without speech. Researchers studied three men. The brains of these test subjects were injured. As a result, the speech center was also damaged. The men had big problems with speaking. They could no longer formulate simple sentences. They couldn't understand words either. After the speech test the men had to solve math problems. A few of these mathematical puzzles were very complex. Even so, the test subjects could solve them! The results of this study are very interesting. They show that math is not encoded with words. It's possible that language and math have the same basis. Both are processed from the same center. But math doesn't have to be translated into speech first. Perhaps language and math develop together too... Then when the brain has finished developing, they exist separately!

 


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