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81 [eighty-one]

Past tense 1


81 [тIокIиплIырэ зырэ]

БлэкIыгъэ шъуашэр 1


to write
He wrote a letter.
Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) письмэ ытхыщтыгъ.
Ashh (hulfyg) pis'mje ythyshhtyg.
And she wrote a card.
ЫкIи ащ (бзылъфыгъ) открыткэ ытхыщтыгъ.
YkIi ashh (bzylfyg) otkrytkje ythyshhtyg.
to read
He read a magazine.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) журнал хъэрэ-пкIарэм еджэщтыгъ.
Ar (hulfyg) zhurnal hjerje-pkIarjem edzhjeshhtyg.
And she read a book.
Ар (бзылъфыгъ) тхылъ еджэщтыгъ.
Ar (bzylfyg) thyl edzhjeshhtyg.
to take
He took a cigarette.
Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) тутыныр ыштагъ.
Ashh (hulfyg) tutynyr yshtag.
She took a piece of chocolate.
40;щ (бзылъфыгъ) шоколад такъыр ыштагъ.
Ashh (bzylfyg) shokolad takyr yshtag.
He was disloyal, but she was loyal.
Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) шъыпкъагъэ хэлъыгъэп, ау ар (бзылъфыгъ) фэшъыпкъагъ.
Ashh (hulfyg) shypkagje hjelygjep, au ar (bzylfyg) fjeshypkag.
He was lazy, but she was hard-working.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) шъхьахынагъ, ау ар (бзылъфыгъ) хъупхъагъэ.
Ar (hulfyg) shh'ahynag, au ar (bzylfyg) huphagje.
He was poor, but she was rich.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) тхьамыкIагъ, ау ар (бзылъфыгъ) баигъэ.
Ar (hulfyg) th'amykIag, au ar (bzylfyg) baigje.
He had no money, only debts.
Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) ахъщэ иIагъэп, чIыфэхэр телъыгъэх нахь.
Ashh (hulfyg) ahshhje iIagjep, chIyfjehjer telygjeh nah'.
He had no luck, only bad luck.
Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) насып иIагъэп, насыпынчъагъ нахь.
Ashh (hulfyg) nasyp iIagjep, nasypynchag nah'.
He had no success, only failure.
Ащ (хъулъфыгъ) гъэхъагъэ иIагъэп, гъэхъэгъэнчъагъ нахь.
Ashh (hulfyg) gjehagje iIagjep, gjehjegjenchag nah'.
He was not satisfied, but dissatisfied.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) рэзагъэп, рэзэнчъэ нахь.
Ar (hulfyg) rjezagjep, rjezjenchje nah'.
He was not happy, but sad.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) насыпышIуагъэп, насыпынчъагъ нахь.
Ar (hulfyg) nasypyshIuagjep, nasypynchag nah'.
He was not friendly, but unfriendly.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) гохьыгъэп, гохьынчъагъ нахь.
Ar (hulfyg) goh'ygjep, goh'ynchag nah'.

How children learn to speak properly

As soon as a person is born, he communicates with others. Babies cry when they want something. They can already say a few simple words at a few months of age. With two years, they can say sentences of about three words. You can't influence when children begin to speak. But you can influence how well children learn their native language! For that, however, you have to consider a few things. Above all, it's important that the child learning is always motivated. He must recognize that he's succeeding in something when he speaks. Babies like a smile as positive feedback. Older children look for dialogue with their environment. They orient themselves towards the language of the people around them. Therefore the language skills of their parents and educators are important. Children must also learn that language is valuable! However, they should always have fun in the process. Reading aloud to them shows children how exciting language can be. Parents should also do as much as possible with their child. When a child experiences many things, he wants to talk about them. Children growing up bilingual need firm rules. They have to know which language should be spoken with whom. This way their brain can learn to differentiate between the two languages. When children start going to school, their language changes. They learn a new colloquial language. Then it's important that the parents pay attention to how their child speaks. Studies show that the first language is stamped on the brain forever. What we learn as children accompanies us for the rest of our lives. He who learns his native language properly as a child will profit from it later. He learns new things faster and better – not only foreign languages…


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