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79 [seventy-nine]

Adjectives 2


79 [тIокIищрэ пшIыкIубгъурэ]

ПлъышъуацIэхэр 2


I am wearing a blue dress.
Джэнэ шхъуантIэ сщыгъ
Dzhjenje shhuantIje sshhyg
I am wearing a red dress.
Джэнэ плъыжь сщыгъ
Dzhjenje plyzh' sshhyg
I am wearing a green dress.
Джэнэ уцышъо сщыгъ
Dzhjenje ucysho sshhyg
I’m buying a black bag.
Iалъмэкъ шIуцIэр сэщэфы.
Ialmjek shIucIjer sjeshhjefy.
I’m buying a brown bag.
Iалъмэкъ хьаплъыр сэщэфы.
Ialmjek h'aplyr sjeshhjefy.
I’m buying a white bag.
Iалъмэкъ фыжьыр сэщэфы.
Ialmjek fyzh'yr sjeshhjefy.
I need a new car.
МашинакIэ сищыкIагъ.
MashinakIje sishhykIag.
I need a fast car.
Машинэ псынкIэ сищыкIагъ.
Mashinje psynkIje sishhykIag.
I need a comfortable car.
Машинэ гупсэф сищыкIагъ.
Mashinje gupsjef sishhykIag.
An old lady lives at the top.
Бзылъфыгъэ хэкIотагъэ ышъхьагъкIэ тес.
Bzylfygje hjekIotagje yshh'agkIje tes.
A fat lady lives at the top.
Бзылъфыгъэ пщэр ышъхьагъкIэ тес.
Bzylfygje pshhjer yshh'agkIje tes.
A curious lady lives below.
Бзылъфыгъэ зэхэзыхын фалIэ ычIэгъкIэ чIэс.
Bzylfygje zjehjezyhyn falIje ychIjegkIje chIjes.
Our guests were nice people.
ЦIыф гохьхэр тихьэкIагъэх.
CIyf goh'hjer tih'jekIagjeh.
Our guests were polite people.
ЦIыф шъхьэкIафэхэр тихьэкIагъэх.
CIyf shh'jekIafjehjer tih'jekIagjeh.
Our guests were interesting people.
ЦIыф гъэшIэгъонхэр тихьэкIагъэх.
CIyf gjeshIjegonhjer tih'jekIagjeh.
I have lovely children.
Сэ кIэлэцIыкIу дэгъухэр сиIэх.
Sje kIjeljecIykIu djeguhjer siIjeh.
But the neighbours have naughty children.
Ау сигъунэгъумэ якIэлэцIыкIухэр дысых.
Au sigunjegumje jakIjeljecIykIuhjer dysyh.
Are your children well behaved?
ШъуикIэлэцIыкIухэр IорышIэха?
ShuikIjeljecIykIuhjer IoryshIjeha?

One language, many varieties

Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…


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