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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages


23 [тIокIырэ щырэ]

IэкIыб къэралыгъуабзэхэр зэгъэшIэн


Where did you learn Spanish?
Испаныбзэр тыдэ щызэбгъэшIагъа?
Ispanybzjer tydje shhyzjebgjeshIaga?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
Португалыбзи ошIа?
Portugalybzi oshIa?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
Ары, итальяныбзэри макIэу.
Ary, ital'janybzjeri makIjeu.
I think you speak very well.
СызэрэхаплъэрэмкIэ, дэгъоу укъэгущыIэ.
SyzjerjehapljerjemkIje, djegou ukjegushhyIje.
The languages are quite similar.
Бзэхэр зэфэдэкIаех.
Bzjehjer zjefjedjekIaeh.
I can understand them well.
Ахэр дэгъоу къызгурэIох.
Ahjer djegou kyzgurjeIoh.
But speaking and writing is difficult.
Ау урыгущыIэныр ыкIи утхэныр хьылъэ.
Au urygushhyIjenyr ykIi uthjenyr h'ylje.
I still make many mistakes.
Джыри хэукъоныгъэ баIо хэсэшIыхьэ.
Dzhyri hjeukonygje baIo hjesjeshIyh'je.
Please correct me each time.
СыолъэIу, ренэу сыкъэгъэтэрэзыжьзэ шIы.
SyoljeIu, renjeu sykjegjetjerjezyzh'zje shIy.
Your pronunciation is very good.
УикъэIуакIэ дэгъукIай.
UikjeIuakIje djegukIaj.
You only have a slight accent.
Акцент тIэкIу уиI ныIэп.
Akcent tIjekIu uiI nyIjep.
One can tell where you come from.
УкъыздэкIырэр къэошIэ.
UkyzdjekIyrjer kjeoshIje.
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
Тара уиныдэлъфыбзэр?
Tara uinydjelfybzjer?
Are you taking a language course?
Бзэр зыщарагъашIэрэ курсхэм окIуа?
Bzjer zyshharagashIjerje kurshjem okIua?
Which textbook are you using?
Сыд фэдэ тхылъа бгъэфедэрэр?
Syd fjedje thyla bgjefedjerjer?
I don’t remember the name right now.
Джыдэдэм ыцIэ къэсIонэу сшIэрэп.
Dzhydjedjem ycIje kjesIonjeu sshIjerjep.
The title is not coming to me.
ЫцIэ къысфэугупшысыжьрэп.
YcIje kysfjeugupshysyzh'rjep.
I’ve forgotten it.

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!


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