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48 [forty-eight]

Vacation activities

 


48 [četrdesmit astoņi]

Aktivitātes atvaļinājuma laikā

 

 

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Is the beach clean?
Can one swim there?
Isn’t it dangerous to swim there?
 
 
 
 
Can one rent a sun umbrella / parasol here?
Can one rent a deck chair here?
Can one rent a boat here?
 
 
 
 
I would like to surf.
I would like to dive.
I would like to water ski.
 
 
 
 
Can one rent a surfboard?
Can one rent diving equipment?
Can one rent water skis?
 
 
 
 
I’m only a beginner.
I’m moderately good.
I’m pretty good at it.
 
 
 
 
Where is the ski lift?
Do you have skis?
Do you have ski boots?
 
 
 
 
 


The language of pictures

A German saying goes: A picture says more than a thousand words. That means that pictures are often understood faster than speech. Pictures can also convey emotions better. Because of this, advertising uses a lot of pictures. Pictures function differently than speech. They show us several things simultaneously and in their totality. That means that the whole image together has a certain effect. With speech, considerably more words are needed. But images and speech go together. We need speech in order to describe a picture. By the same token, many texts are first understood through images. The relationship between images and speech is being studied by linguists. It also raises the question whether pictures are a language in their own right. If something is only filmed, we can look at the images. But the message of the film isn't concrete. If an image is meant to function as speech, it must be concrete. The less it shows, the clearer its message. Pictograms are a good example of this. Pictograms are simple and clear pictorial symbols. They replace verbal language, and as such are a form of visual communication. Everyone knows the pictogram for "no smoking" for example. It shows a cigarette with a line through it. Images are becoming even more important due to globalization. But you also have to study the language of images. It is not understandable worldwide, even though many think so. Because our culture influences our understanding of images. What we see is dependent on many different factors. So some people don't see cigarettes, but only dark lines.

Guess the language!

______ is one of the nearly 40 **** languages. It is most closely related to the Azerbaijani language. It is the native or second language of more than 80 million people. These people live primarily in ****ey and in the Balkans. Emigrants also took ______ to Europe, America and Australia. ______ has also been influenced by other languages. The vocabulary contains words from Arabic and French. A hallmark of the ______ language is the many different dialects.

The Istanbul dialect is considered the basis for today's standard language. The grammar distinguishes between six cases. The agglutinating language structure is also characteristic for ______. That means that grammatical functions are expressed through suffixes. There is a fixed sequence to these endings but there can be many of them. This principle differentiates ______ from the Indo-Germanic languages.

 

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