More and more people are growing up bilingual. They can speak more than one language. Many of these people often switch languages. They decide which language to use depending on the situation. For example, they speak a different language at work than at home. By doing so, they adapt themselves to their environment. But there is also the possibility of switching languages spontaneously. This phenomenon is called code-switching. In code-switching, the language gets switched in the middle of speaking. There could be many reasons why speakers switch languages. Often, they don't find the appropriate word in one language. They can express themselves better in the other language. It can also be that the speaker feels more confident in one of the languages. They use this language for private or personal things. Sometimes a certain word doesn't exist in a language. In this case the speaker must switch languages. Or they switch languages so that they aren't understood. In that case code-switching works like a secret language. Earlier, mixing languages was criticized. It was thought that the speaker couldn't speak either language correctly. Today it is viewed differently. Code-switching is recognized as a special linguistic competence. It can be interesting to observe speakers using code-switching. Often, they don't just switch the language they're speaking. Other communicative elements change as well. Many speak faster, louder or more accentuated in the other language. Or they suddenly use more gestures and facial expressions. In this way, code-switching is always a little bit of culture-switching too…
Guess the language!
______ is one of the Indo-Iranian languages.
It is the native language of about 200 million people.
More than 140 million of those people live in Bangladesh.
There are also approximately 75 million speakers in India.
Additional speakers are found in Malaysia, Nepal and Saudi Arabia.
______ is thus one of the most spoken languages of the world.
The language has its own writing system.
There are even distinct symbols for numbers.
Nowadays, however, Arabic digits are used most of the time.
______ syntax follows strict rules.
The subject comes first, then the object, and finally the verb.
There are no grammatical genders.
Nouns and adjectives also vary only slightly.
That is a good thing for everyone that wants to learn this important language.
And as many as possible should do so!