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96 [ninety-six]

Conjunctions 3

 


‫96 [ستة وتسعون]‬

‫أدوات الربط 3‬

 

 
I get up as soon as the alarm rings.
‫سأنهض حالما يرن المنبه.‬
s'anhad halama yarn almanabuha
I become tired as soon as I have to study.
‫أشعر بالتعب حالما أبدأ بالدراسة.‬
asheir bialttaeab halama 'abda bialddirasata
I will stop working as soon as I am 60.
‫سأتوقف عن العمل حالما أبلغ الستين.‬
s'atawaqqaf ean aleamal halamana 'ablugh alssitiun
 
 
 
 
When will you call?
‫متى ستتصل بالهاتف ؟‬
mtaa satatasil bialhatif
As soon as I have a moment.
‫حالما تسنح لي الفرصة.‬
halma tasnah li alfursata
He’ll call, as soon as he has a little time.
‫سيتصل بالهاتف حالما تسنح له الفرصة‬
syatsal bialhatif halima tasannah lah alfarsat
 
 
 
 
How long will you work?
‫إلى متى ستعمل؟‬
'iilaa mataa staeiml
I’ll work as long as I can.
‫سأعمل ما دمت قادراً على ذلك.‬
s'aemal mma dumt qadraan ealaa dhallkk
I’ll work as long as I am healthy.
‫سأعمل ما دمت بصحة جيدة.‬
s'aemal mma dumt bisihhat jayidata
 
 
 
 
He lies in bed instead of working.
‫إنه مستلق على السرير بدل أن يعمل.‬
'innah mustaliqq ealaa alssarir bdl 'an yaeml
She reads the newspaper instead of cooking.
‫هي تقرأ الجريدة بدل أن تطبخ.‬
hi taqra aljaridat bdl 'an tatibkha
He is at the bar instead of going home.
‫إنه يجلس في الحانة بدل أن يذهب إلى البيت.‬
'innah yujlis fi alhannat bdl 'an yadhhab 'iilaa albita
 
 
 
 
As far as I know, he lives here.
‫حسب علمي هو يسكن هنا.‬
hsb eilmi hu yuskin huna
As far as I know, his wife is ill.
‫حسب علمي زوجته مريضة.‬
hsab eilmi zawjatih muridata
As far as I know, he is unemployed.
‫حسب علمي هو عاطل عن العمل.‬
hsab eilmi hu eatil ean aleml
 
 
 
 
I overslept; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫لقد غرقت في النوم وإلا كنت دقيقاً في الموعد.‬
lqad ghariqat fi alnnawm wa'illa kunt dqyqaan fi almaweid
I missed the bus; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫لقد فاتتني الحافلة وإلا كنت دقيقاً في الموعد.‬
lqad fattatni alhafilat wa'illa kunt dqyqaan fi almaweid
I didn’t find the way / I got lost; otherwise I’d have been on time.
‫لم أجد الطريق وإلا كنت دقيقاً في الموعد.‬
lm 'ajid alttariq wa'illa kunt dqyqaan fi almaweid
 
 
 
 
 


Language and math

Thinking and speech go together. They influence one another. Linguistic structures influence the structures of our thinking. In some languages, for example, there are no words for numbers. The speakers do not understand the concept of numbers. So math and language also go together in some way. Grammatical and mathematical structures are often similar. Some researchers believe that they are also processed similarly. They believe that the speech centre is also responsible for math. It can help the brain to perform calculations. Recent studies are coming to another conclusion, however. They show that our brain processes math without speech. Researchers studied three men. The brains of these test subjects were injured. As a result, the speech centre was also damaged. The men had big problems with speaking. They could no longer formulate simple sentences. They couldn't understand words either. After the speech test the men had to solve math problems. A few of these mathematical puzzles were very complex. Even so, the test subjects could solve them! The results of this study are very interesting. They show that math is not encoded with words. It's possible that language and math have the same basis. Both are processed from the same centre. But math doesn't have to be translated into speech first. Perhaps language and math develop together too... Then when the brain has finished developing, they exist separately!

Guess the language!

______ian is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 5 million people. It is very closely related to the neighboring Czech. This is due to their mutual past in former Czecho______ia. The vocabulary of the two languages is largely identical. The differences are primarily in the phonology. ______ian emerged in the 10th century in the form of multiple dialects. It was then influenced by neighboring languages over a long period of time.

Today's standard language was not established until the 19th century. Some elements could thus be simplified compared to those in Czech. The many different dialects have been upheld until today though. ______ian is written with the Latin alphabet. And it is the language that is easiest to understand for other Slavic speakers. It could be said that ______ian is a type of intermediate language in the Slavic region. This is a good reason to grapple with this beautiful language.

 

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