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95 [ninety-five]

Conjunctions 2

 


‫95 [خمسة وتسعون]‬

‫حروف العطف 2‬

 

 
Since when is she no longer working?
‫منذ متى لم تعد هي تشتغل؟‬
mondho mataa lam taeaod hiyaa tashtaghel?
Since her marriage?
‫منذ زواجها؟‬
montho zawaajihaa?
Yes, she is no longer working since she got married.
‫نعم، هي لم تعد تشتغل منذ أن قد تزوجت.‬
naeam, hiya lam taeaod tashtaghel montho an tazawwajat
 
 
 
 
Since she got married, she’s no longer working.
‫منذ أن قد تزوجت لم تعد هي تشتغل.‬
montho an tazawajat lam taeaod hiyaa tashtaghel
Since they have met each other, they are happy.
‫منذ أن تعارفا أصبحا سعيدين.‬
montho an taeaarafaa asbahaa saeiidayn
Since they have had children, they rarely go out.
‫منذ أن أصبح لهما أطفال صارا نادراُ ما يخرجان.‬
montho an asbaha lahom atfaal saaraa naadiran maa yakhrojaan
 
 
 
 
When does she call?
‫متى تتصل هي بالتلفون؟‬
mataa tattasilo hiya bettelefoun?
When driving?
‫هل أثناء السير؟‬
hal athnaa'a essayer?
Yes, when she is driving.
‫نعم، أثناء ما هي تقود السيارة.‬
naeam, athnaa'a maa hiya takood essayyaara
 
 
 
 
She calls while she drives.
‫هي تتكلم بالتلفون أثناء ما هي تقود السيارة.‬
hiya tatkalam bttelefoon athnaa'a maa hiya takood essayyaara
She watches TV while she irons.
‫هي تشاهد التلفزيون أثناء ما هي تكوي.‬
hiya toshaahed ettelfezyoon athnaa'a maa hiya takwii
She listens to music while she does her work.
‫هي تسمع الموسيقى أثناء ما هي تعمل واجباتها.‬
hiya tasmaea elmoosiikaa athnaa'a maa hiya taeamal waajibaataha
 
 
 
 
I can’t see anything when I don’t have glasses.
‫لا أرى شيئًا، عندما أكون بلا نظارة.‬
laa araa chay'an, endamaa akoon bilaa nadhdhaara
I can’t understand anything when the music is so loud.
‫لا أفهم شيئًا، عندما تكون الموسيقى هكذا عالية.‬
laa afham shay'an, endamaa takoon emoosiikaa hakathaa aeaaliya
I can’t smell anything when I have a cold.
‫لا أشم شيئًا، عندما يكون عندي زكام.‬
la ashommo shay'an endamaa yakoon endii zokaam
 
 
 
 
We’ll take a taxi if it rains.
‫سنأخذ سيارة أجرة، إن هي أمطرت.‬
sna'khotho sayyarat ojraa in hiya amtarat
We’ll travel around the world if we win the lottery.
‫سنسافر حول العالم إن نحن ربحنا في اليانصيب.‬
sanosafer hawla eleaalam in nahno rabehnaa filyanaasiib
We’ll start eating if he doesn’t come soon.
‫سنبدأ بالأكل، إن لم يأت بعد قليل.‬
sanabda4 fil akel in lam ya'tii baeada kaliil
 
 
 
 
 


The languages of the European Union

Today the European Union consists of more than 25 countries. In the future, even more countries will belong to the EU. A new country usually means a new language as well. Currently, more than 20 different languages are spoken in the EU. All languages in the European Union are equal. This variety of languages is fascinating. But it can lead to problems as well. Skeptics believe that the many languages are an obstacle for the EU. They hinder efficient collaboration. Many think, therefore, that there should be a common language. All countries should be able to communicate with this language. But it's not that easy. No language can be named the one official language. The other countries would feel disadvantaged. And there isn't a truly neutral language in Europe… An artificial language such as Esperanto wouldn't work either. Because the culture of a country is always reflected in the language. Therefore, no country wants to relinquish its language. The countries see a part of their identity in their language. Language policy is an important item on the EU's agenda. There is even a commissioner for multilingualism. The EU has the most translators and interpreters worldwide. Around 3,500 people work to make an agreement possible. Nevertheless, not all documents can always be translated. That would take too much time and cost too much money. Most documents are only translated into a few languages. The many languages are one of the biggest challenges of the EU. Europe should unite, without losing its many identities!

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ****** and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______s, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______ alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______!

 

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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners