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95 [ninety-five]

Conjunctions 2


‫95 [خمسة وتسعون]‬

‫أدوات الربط2‬


Since when is she no longer working?
‫مذ متى لم تعد تعمل ؟‬
mdh mataa lm taeud taemal
Since her marriage?
‫منذ زواجها.‬
mnidh zawajha
Yes, she is no longer working since she got married.
‫نعم، لم تعد تعمل منذ أن تزوجت.‬
neim, lm taeud taemal mundh 'an tazwajata
Since she got married, she’s no longer working.
‫منذ أن تزوجت لم تعد تعمل.‬
mndh 'ann tazawwajat lm taeud taeml
Since they have met each other, they are happy.
‫منذ أن تعارفا هما سعداء.‬
mnidh 'ann taearafa huma sueada'a
Since they have had children, they rarely go out.
‫منذ أن رزقا بأطفال لا يخرجان إلاّ نادراً.‬
mnidh 'ann rizqana bi'atfal la yukhrijan 'ila nadraan
When does she call?
‫متى تتصل بالهاتف ؟‬
mtaa tatasil bialhatif
When driving?
‫أثناء قيادتها السيارة؟‬
athna' qiadatiha alssayaratu
Yes, when she is driving.
‫نعم ، إنها تتصل وهي تقود السيارة.‬
neum , 'innaha tatasil wahi taqud alssayaratu
She calls while she drives.
‫تتصل بالهاتف بينما تقود السيارة.‬
ttasil bialhatif baynama taqud alssayaratu
She watches TV while she irons.
‫إنها تشاهد التلفاز بينما تكوي.‬
'innaha tushahid alttilfaz baynama takwi
She listens to music while she does her work.
‫انها تسمع الموسيقى بينما تكتب الوظائف.‬
anha tasmae almusiqaa baynama taktub alwazayuf
I can’t see anything when I don’t have glasses.
‫لا أرى شيئاً دون النظارة.‬
la 'araa shyyaan dun alnnizarati
I can’t understand anything when the music is so loud.
‫لا أفهم شيئاً عندما تكون الموسيقى عالية.‬
lla 'afham shyyaan eindama takun almusiqaa ealiata
I can’t smell anything when I have a cold.
‫لا أشم شيئاً عندما أصاب بالزكام.‬
lla 'ashm shyyaan eindama 'asab bialzzakama
We’ll take a taxi if it rains.
‫عندما تمطر نستقل سيارة أجرة.‬
eindama tumtir nastaqill sayarat 'ajrata
We’ll travel around the world if we win the lottery.
‫سنسافر حول العالم عندما نربح في اليانصيب.‬
snusafar hawl alealam eindama nurbih fi alyanasib
We’ll start eating if he doesn’t come soon.
‫سينبدأ بتناول الطعام إن لم يأت قريباً‬
syanbada bitanawul alttaeam 'iin llam yat qrybaan

The languages of the European Union

Today the European Union consists of more than 25 countries. In the future, even more countries will belong to the EU. A new country usually means a new language as well. Currently, more than 20 different languages are spoken in the EU. All languages in the European Union are equal. This variety of languages is fascinating. But it can lead to problems as well. Skeptics believe that the many languages are an obstacle for the EU. They hinder efficient collaboration. Many think, therefore, that there should be a common language. All countries should be able to communicate with this language. But it's not that easy. No language can be named the one official language. The other countries would feel disadvantaged. And there isn't a truly neutral language in Europe… An artificial language such as Esperanto wouldn't work either. Because the culture of a country is always reflected in the language. Therefore, no country wants to relinquish its language. The countries see a part of their identity in their language. Language policy is an important item on the EU's agenda. There is even a commissioner for multilingualism. The EU has the most translators and interpreters worldwide. Around 3,500 people work to make an agreement possible. Nevertheless, not all documents can always be translated. That would take too much time and cost too much money. Most documents are only translated into a few languages. The many languages are one of the biggest challenges of the EU. Europe should unite, without losing its many identities!

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ****** and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______s, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______ alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______!


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