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89 [eighty-nine]

Imperative 1


‫89 [تسعة وثمانون]‬

‫صيغة الأمر 1‬


You are so lazy – don’t be so lazy!
‫أنت كسول بشكل ـــــــ لا تكن كسولاً للغاية!‬
ant kusul bishakl la takun kswlaan lilghayt
You sleep for so long – don’t sleep so late!
‫أنت تنام طويلاً ـــــ لا تنم طويلاً!‬
ant tanam twylaan la tanm twylaan
You come home so late – don’t come home so late!
‫إنك تأتي في وقت متأخر ـــــ لا تتأخر بهذا الشكل!‬
'innak tati fi waqt muta'akhkhir la tata'akhkhar bhdha alshshukl
You laugh so loudly – don’t laugh so loudly!
‫إنك تضحك بصوت عالٍ ــــ لا تضحك كذلك!‬
'innak tadhk bisawt eal la tadhak kadhalk
You speak so softly – don’t speak so softly!
‫إنك تتكلم بصوت منخفض ــــــ لا تتكلم هكذا!‬
'innak tatakallam bisawt munkhafid la tatakallam hukdha
You drink too much – don’t drink so much!
‫إنك تشرب كثيراً ــــ لا تشرب بهذا القدر!‬
'innak tashrab kthyraan la tashrib bhdha alqudr
You smoke too much – don’t smoke so much!
‫إنك تدخن كثيراً ــــــ لا تدخن كثيرا!‬
'innak tadkhun kthyraan la tadkhun kathira
You work too much – don’t work so much!
‫إنك تعمل كثيراً ــــ لا تعمل كثيراً!‬
'innak taemal kthyraan la taemal kthyraan
You drive too fast – don’t drive so fast!
‫إنك تسرع كثيراً ــــ خفف السرعة!‬
'innak tusrie kthyraan khaffaf alssareati
Get up, Mr. Miller!
‫إنهض، يا سيد مولر!‬
'iinhid, ya syd mwlr
Sit down, Mr. Miller!
‫إجلس، يا سيد مولر!‬
'iijlis, ya syd mwlr
Remain seated, Mr. Miller!
‫ابق في مقعدك، سيد مولر!‬
abiq fi maqeadik, syd mwlr
Be patient!
‫كن صبوراً! / تحلى بالصبر!‬
kn sbwraan / tahalla bialssibr
Take your time!
‫خذ وقتك! / لا تتسرع!‬
khdh waqqatuka / la tatasarea
Wait a moment!
‫انتظر لحظة! / انتظر قليلاً!‬
antazar lahiztan / aintazar qlylaan
Be careful!
‫كن حذراً!‬
kn hdhraan
Be punctual!
‫كن دقيقاً في المواعيد!‬
kn dqyqaan fi almawaeid
Don’t be stupid!
‫لا تكن غبياً!‬
lla takun ghbyaan

The Chinese language

The Chinese language has the most speakers worldwide. However, there is not one individual Chinese language. Several Chinese languages exist. They all belong to the family of Sino-Tibetan languages. A total of approximately 1.3 billion people speak Chinese. The majority of those people live in the People's Republic of China and in Taiwan. There are many countries with Chinese-speaking minorities. The largest Chinese language is High Chinese. This standardized high-level language is also called Mandarin. Mandarin is the official language of the People's Republic of China. Other Chinese languages are often only referred to as dialects. Mandarin is also spoken in Taiwan and Singapore. Mandarin is the native language of 850 million people. It is understood by almost all Chinese-speaking people, however. For this reason, speakers of different dialects use it for communication. All Chinese people use a common written form. The Chinese written form is 4,000 to 5,000 years old. With that, Chinese has the longest literary tradition. Other Asian cultures have borrowed the Chinese written form as well. Chinese characters are more difficult than alphabetic systems. Spoken Chinese, however, is not as complicated. The grammar can be learned relatively easily. Therefore, learners can make good progress pretty quickly. And more and more people want to learn Chinese! As a foreign language, it is becoming increasingly meaningful. By now, Chinese languages are offered everywhere. Have the courage to learn it yourself! Chinese will be the language of the future…

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the West Slavic languages. It is the native language of more than 45 million people. These people live primarily in Poland and in several Eastern European countries. ______ emigrants took their language to other continents as well. As a result, there are approximately 60 million ______ speakers worldwide. It is the most-spoken Slavic language after Russian. ______ is closely related to Czech and Slovakian. The modern ______ language developed from different dialects.

Today there are hardly any dialects because most Poles use the standard language. The ______ alphabet is written in Latin letters and consists of 35 letters. The last but one syllable of a word is always accented. The grammar contains seven cases and three genders. This means almost every word ending is declined or conjugated. As a result ______ is not necessarily considered the easiest of languages. But it will soon be one of the more important European languages!


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