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51 [fifty-one]

Running errands

 


‫51 [واحد وخمسون]‬

‫قضاء الحاجات‬

 

 
I want to go to the library.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى المكتبة العامة.‬
oriido an adhhaba ilaa elmaktaba elaamma
I want to go to the bookstore.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى مكتبة بيع الكتب.‬
oriido an adhhaba ilaa maktabat bayaea elkotob
I want to go to the newspaper stand.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى كشك الجرائد.‬
oriido an adhhaba ilaa koshshk eljaraa'ed
 
 
 
 
I want to borrow a book.
‫أريد أن أستعير كتاباً.‬
oriido an astaaiira kitaaban
I want to buy a book.
‫أريد أن أشتري كتاباً.‬
oriido an ashtarii kitaaban
I want to buy a newspaper.
‫أريد أن اشتري جريدة.‬
oriido an ashtarii jariida
 
 
 
 
I want to go to the library to borrow a book.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى المكتبة العامة، لكى أستعير كتابًا.‬
oriido an adhhaba ilaa elmaktaba elaamma, lkay astaiira kitaaban
I want to go to the bookstore to buy a book.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى المكتبة، لكى أشتري كتابًا.‬
oriido an adhhaba ilaa elmaktaba, likay ashtarii kitaaban
I want to go to the kiosk / newspaper stand to buy a newspaper.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى الكشك، لكي أشتري جريدة.‬
oriido an athhaba ilaa elmaktaba, likay ashtarii jariida
 
 
 
 
I want to go to the optician.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى أخصائي نظارات.‬
oriido an athhaba ilaa akhessaa'ii nadhdhaaraat
I want to go to the supermarket.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى السوبر ماركت.‬
oriido an athhaba ilaa essoober maarket
I want to go to the bakery.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى المخبز.‬
oriido an adhhaba ilaa elmakhbaza
 
 
 
 
I want to buy some glasses.
‫أريد أن أشتري نظارة.‬
oriido an ashtarii nadhdhaara
I want to buy fruit and vegetables.
‫أريد أن أشتري فواكه وخضروات.‬
oriido an ashtarii fawaakah w khodhraawaat
I want to buy rolls and bread.
‫أريد أن أشتري خبز حمام وخبز عادي.‬
oriido an ashtarii khobz hamaam w khobez aadii
 
 
 
 
I want to go to the optician to buy glasses.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى أخصائي نظارات لأشتري نظارة.‬
oriido an athhaba ilaa akhessaa'ii nadhdhaaraat li'ashtarii nadhdhaara
I want to go to the supermarket to buy fruit and vegetables.
‫أريد أن أذهب إلى سوبر ماركت لأشتري فواكه وخضروات.‬
oriido an athhaba ilaa soober maarket lashtarii fawaakah wa khodhraawaat
I want to go to the baker to buy rolls and bread.
‫أريد إلى المخبز لأشتري خيز حمام وخبز عادي.‬
arid 'iilaa almukhbiz li'ashtari khayz hammam wakhabiz eadi
 
 
 
 
 


Minority languages in Europe

Many different languages are spoken in Europe. Most of them are Indo-European languages. In addition to the large national languages, there are also many smaller languages. They are minority languages. Minority languages are different from official languages. But they aren't dialects. They aren't the languages of immigrants either. Minority languages are always ethnically driven. Meaning, they are the languages of particular ethnic groups. There are minority languages in almost every country of Europe. That amounts to about 40 languages in the European Union. Some minority languages are only spoken in one country. Among them for example is Sorbian in Germany. Romani, on the other hand, has speakers in many European countries. Minority languages have a special status. Because they are only spoken by a relatively small group. These groups cannot afford to build their own schools. It is also difficult for them to publish their own literature. As a result, many minority languages are threatened by extinction. The European Union wants to protect minority languages. Because every language is an important part of a culture or identity. Some nations do not have a commonwealth and only exist as a minority. Various programs and projects are meant to promote their languages. It is hoped that the culture of smaller ethnic groups will be preserved as well. Nevertheless, some minority languages will disappear soon. Among them is Livonian, spoken in a province of Latvia. Only 20 people remain as native speakers of Livonian. This makes Livonian the smallest language in Europe.

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken in Pakistan and a few Indian states. ______ is the native language of about 60 million people. It is the national language in Pakistan. It is also recognized as one of the 22 official languages in India. ______ is very closely related to Hindi. Both languages are basically just two sociolects of Hindustani. Hindustani emerged from different languages in northern India starting in the 13th century.

Today ______ and Hindi are considered two independent languages. Speakers of these languages can communicate with each other easily though. The semiotic system is what clearly differentiates the two. ______ is written with a version of the Persian-Arabic alphabet, while Hindi is not. ______ is very prominent as a literary language. It is also often used in large film productions. Learn ______ - it is the key to the culture of South Asia!

 

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