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40 [forty]

Asking for directions


‫40 [أربعون]‬

‫الإستفهام عن الطريق‬


Excuse me!
‫عفواً !/ عذراً !‬
efwaan / edhraan
Can you help me?
‫بإمكانك مساعدتي ؟‬
b'iimkanuk musaeadatay
Is there a good restaurant around here?
‫أين أجد مطعماً جيداً ؟‬
ayn 'ajid mtemaan jydaan
Take a left at the corner.
‫إنعطف على يسارك عند الزاوية.‬
'inetf ealaa yusarik eind alzzawiata
Then go straight for a while.
‫ثم سر قليلاً على طول.‬
thm sirr qlylaan ealaa tul
Then go right for a hundred metres / meters (am.).
‫وبعد مائة متر على اليمين.‬
wbied miayat mitr ealaa alyamin
You can also take the bus.
‫بإمكانك أن تستقل الحافلة أيضاً.‬
b'iimkanuk 'ann tastaqill alhafilat aydaan
You can also take the tram.
‫أو يمكنك أيضاً أخذ الحافلة الكهربائية / الترام.‬
aw yumkinuk aydaan 'akhadh alhafilat alkahrabayiyat / alttarama
You can also follow me with your car.
‫وبإمكانك أن تسير خلفي.‬
wbi'iimkanik 'an tasir khalafay
How do I get to the football / soccer (am.) stadium?
‫كيف أصل إلى ملعب كرة القدم ؟‬
kyf 'asl 'iilaa maleab kurat alqadam
Cross the bridge!
‫اعبر الجسر !‬
aeibr aljisr
Go through the tunnel!
‫سافر عبر النفق / إعبر النفق!.‬
safr eabr alnnafaq / 'iiebar alnnafqa
Drive until you reach the third traffic light.
‫سر حتى الإشارة الضوئية الثالثة.‬
sr hatta al'iisharat alddawyiyat alththalithata
Then turn into the first street on your right.
‫ثم انعطف بعد الشارع الأول نحو اليمين.‬
thm aneataf baed alshsharie al'awwal nahw alyamin
Then drive straight through the next intersection.
‫واستمر مباشرة حتى التقاطع القادم.‬
wastamirr mubasharat hatta alttaqatue alqadima
Excuse me, how do I get to the airport?
‫عفواً ! كيف أصل إلى المطار ؟‬
efwaan kayf 'asl 'iilaa almatar
It is best if you take the underground / subway (am.).
‫الأفضل أن تستقل قطار النفق.‬
al'afdal 'ann tastaqill qitar alnnafqi
Simply get out at the last stop.
‫تابع السفر حتى المحطة النهائية.‬
ttabae alssafar hatta almahattat alnnihayiyata

The language of animals

When we want to express ourselves, we use our speech. Animals have their own language as well. And they use it exactly like us humans. That is to say, they talk to each other in order to exchange information. Basically each animal species has a particular language. Even termites communicate with each other. When in danger, they slap their bodies on the ground. This is their way of warning each other. Other animal species whistle when they approach enemies. Bees speak with each other through dancing. Through this, they show other bees where there is something to eat. Whales make sounds that can be heard from 5,000 kilometers away. They communicate with each other through special songs. Elephants also give each other various acoustic signals. But humans cannot hear them. Most animal languages are very complicated. They consist of a combination of different signs. Acoustic, chemical and optical signals are used. Aside from that, animals use various gestures. By now, humans have learned the language of pets. They know when dogs are happy. And they can recognize when cats want to be left alone. However, dogs and cats speak very different languages. Many signals are even exact opposites. It was long believed that these two animals simply didn't like each other. But they just misunderstand each other. That leads to problems between dogs and cats. So even animals fight because of misunderstandings…

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ****** and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______s, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______ alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners