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40 [forty]

Asking for directions


‫40 [أربعون]‬

‫السؤال عن الطريق‬


Excuse me!
‫من فضلك!‬
men fadhlek!
Can you help me?
‫هل يمكنك مساعدتي؟‬
hal yomkinoka mosaaedatii
Is there a good restaurant around here?
‫أين يوجد هنا مطعم جيد؟‬
ayna yoojad honaa mataam jayyid
Take a left at the corner.
‫إذهب لجهة اليسار عند الزاوية.‬
edhhab lijihat elyassar enda ezzawiya
Then go straight for a while.
‫ثم سر مسافة قصيرة على خط مستقيم.‬
thomma ser masaafa kasiira ala khat mostakiim
Then go right for a hundred metres / meters (am.).
‫ثم إذهب لجهة اليمين مئة متر.‬
thomma ethhab ilaa jihat elyamiin ma'at meter
You can also take the bus.
‫يمكنك أيضًا أن تأخذ الباص.‬
yomkinoka aydhan an ta'khoth elbaas
You can also take the tram.
‫يمكنك أيضًا أن تأخذ الترام.‬
yomkinoka aydhan an ta'khoth ettraam
You can also follow me with your car.
‫ويمكنك أيضاً أن تسير خلفي.‬
wa yomkinoka aythan an tasiira khalfii
How do I get to the football / soccer (am.) stadium?
‫كيف أصل إلى ستاد كرة القدم؟‬
kayfa asel ilaa staad koorat elkadam?
Cross the bridge!
‫اقطع الجسر!‬
iktaa eljesser!
Go through the tunnel!
‫اعبر النفق!‬
oobor ennafak!
Drive until you reach the third traffic light.
‫سر حتى ثالث إشارة ضوئية!‬
ser hatta thalaatha ishaaraat dhaw'iya
Then turn into the first street on your right.
‫ثم انعطف يمينًا عند أول شارع.‬
thomma enatef yamiinan enda awwali shaarae
Then drive straight through the next intersection.
‫ثم سر على خط مستقيم على التقاطع التالي.‬
thomma ser alaa khatten mostakiim alaa ettakaatoe ettaalii
Excuse me, how do I get to the airport?
‫من فضلك، كيف أصل إلى المطار؟‬
men fadhlik kayfa asil ila elmataar?
It is best if you take the underground / subway (am.).
‫الأفضل أن تأخذ المترو.‬
elafthal an ta'khotha elmetroo
Simply get out at the last stop.
‫اركب ببساطة حتى آخر محطة.‬
irkab bebasaata hattaa aakher mahatta

The language of animals

When we want to express ourselves, we use our speech. Animals have their own language as well. And they use it exactly like us humans. That is to say, they talk to each other in order to exchange information. Basically each animal species has a particular language. Even termites communicate with each other. When in danger, they slap their bodies on the ground. This is their way of warning each other. Other animal species whistle when they approach enemies. Bees speak with each other through dancing. Through this, they show other bees where there is something to eat. Whales make sounds that can be heard from 5,000 kilometers away. They communicate with each other through special songs. Elephants also give each other various acoustic signals. But humans cannot hear them. Most animal languages are very complicated. They consist of a combination of different signs. Acoustic, chemical and optical signals are used. Aside from that, animals use various gestures. By now, humans have learned the language of pets. They know when dogs are happy. And they can recognize when cats want to be left alone. However, dogs and cats speak very different languages. Many signals are even exact opposites. It was long believed that these two animals simply didn't like each other. But they just misunderstand each other. That leads to problems between dogs and cats. So even animals fight because of misunderstandings…

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of about 12 million people. The majority of those people live in ****** and other countries in southeastern Europe. ______ is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is closely related to Croatian and Bosnian. The grammar and vocabulary are very similar. Such being the case, it is easy for ______s, Croatians, and Bosnians to understand each other. The ______ alphabet contains 30 letters. Each one has a distinct pronunciation.

Parallels to ancient tonal languages can be found in the intonation. In Chinese, for example, the pitch of the syllables changes with the meaning. That is similar to ______. However, in this case only the pitch of the accented syllable plays a role. The strongly inflectional language structure is another hallmark of ______. That means that nouns, verbs, adjectives and pronouns are always inflected. If you are interested in grammatical structures, you should definitely learn ______!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners