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36 [thirty-six]

Public transportation

 


‫36 [ستة وثلاثون]‬

‫المواصلات العامة القريبة‬

 

 
Where is the bus stop?
‫أين موقف الباص [الخافلة]؟‬
ayna mawkifou elbaas
Which bus goes to the city centre / center (am.)?
‫أي باص الذي يذهب إلى وسط المدينة؟‬
ayyou baas ellathi yathhab ila wasat elmadiina?
Which bus do I have to take?
‫أي خط الذي يجب أن آخذ؟‬
ayyou khatt yajibo an aakhoth?
 
 
 
 
Do I have to change?
‫هل يجب أن أبدل الباص في السفر؟‬
hal yajibo an obaddila elbaas fissafra?
Where do I have to change?
‫أين يجب أن أبدل الباص؟‬
ayna yajib an obaddila elbaas?
How much does a ticket cost?
‫بكم تذكرة السفر؟‬
bikam tedhkirat essafar?
 
 
 
 
How many stops are there before downtown / the city centre?
‫كم عدد محطات التوقف حتى وسط المدينة؟‬
kam adado mahattat eltawakkof hattaa wasat elmadiina?
You have to get off here.
‫يجب أن تنزل هنا.‬
yajibo an tanzila honaa
You have to get off at the back.
‫يجب أن تنزل من الخلف.‬
yajibo an tanzila mena elkhalf
 
 
 
 
The next train is in 5 minutes.
‫المترو التالي سيصل خلال خمس دقائق.‬
elmetroo ettaalii sayasil khilaala khams dakaa'ek
The next tram is in 10 minutes.
‫الترام التالي سيصل خلال عشر دقائق.‬
ettram ettalii sayasil khilaala ashar dakaa'ek
The next bus is in 15 minutes.
‫الباص التالي سيصل خلال خمسة عشر دقيقة.‬
albas alttali sayasil khilal khmst eshr daqiqata
 
 
 
 
When is the last train?
‫متى يسافر آخر مترو؟‬
mataa yosaafer aakher metroo?
When is the last tram?
‫متى يسافر آخر ترام؟‬
mataa yosaafer aakher traam?
When is the last bus?
‫متى يسافر آخر باص؟‬
mataa yosaafer aakher baas?
 
 
 
 
Do you have a ticket?
‫هل معك تذكرة سفر؟‬
hal maaka tethkirat safar?
A ticket? – No, I don’t have one.
‫تذكرة سفر؟ – لا، ما معي.‬
tedhkirat safar? - laa maa maay
Then you have to pay a fine.
‫إذن عليك أن تدفع غرامة.‬
idhan alayka an tadfaea gharaama
 
 
 
 
 


The development of language

Why we speak with each other is clear. We want to exchange ideas and understand each other. How exactly language originated, on the other hand, is less clear. Various theories exist about this. What's certain is that language is a very old phenomenon. Certain physical traits were a prerequisite for speaking. They were necessary in order for us to form sounds. People as far back as the Neanderthals had the ability to apply their voice. In this way, they could distinguish themselves from animals. Additionally, a loud, firm voice was important for defence. A person could threaten or frighten enemies with it. Back then, tools had already been made and fire had been discovered. This knowledge had to be passed along somehow. Speech was also important for hunting in groups. As early as 2 million years ago there was a simple understanding among people. The first linguistic elements were signs and gestures. But people wanted to be able to communicate in the dark too. More importantly, they also had the need to talk to each other without looking. Therefore, the voice developed, and it replaced the gestures. Language in today's sense is at least 50,000 years old. When Homo sapiens left Africa, they distributed language around the world. The languages separated from each other in the different regions. That is to say, various language families came into being. However, they only contained the fundamentals of language systems. The first languages were much less complex than languages today. They were further developed through grammar, phonology and semantics. It could be said that different languages have different solutions. But the problem was always the same: How do I show what I'm thinking?

Guess the language!

Brazilian ______ is counted among the Romance languages. It arose from European ______. It travelled as far as South America long ago through ******al's colonial politics. Today Brazil is the largest ______-speaking nation in the world. Approximately 190 million people speak Brazilian ______ as their native language. The language has great influence in other South American countries too. There is even a hybrid language that contains ______ and Spanish. Earlier, Brazil tended to use European ______.

Starting in the 1930s, a new awareness awakened within Brazilian culture. Brazilians were proud of their language and wanted to accentuate its peculiarities. There were, however, repeated efforts to keep the two languages together. For example, an agreement has since been made over a common orthography. Today the biggest difference between the two forms is in the pronunciation. The Brazilian vocabulary also contains a few "Indianisms" that are absent in Europe. Discover this exciting language - it is one of the most important in the world!

 

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