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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4


‫32 [اثنان وثلاثون]‬

‫فى المطعم 4‬


I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
‫واحد بطاطس مقلية مع الكاتشب.‬
waahed bataates makliya maa elkaatchab
And two with mayonnaise.
‫واثنان مع المايونيز.‬
wathnaan maa elmaayooniiz
And three sausages with mustard.
‫وثلاثة سجق محُمر مع الخردل المسطردة.‬
wa thalaatha sajak mohammar maa elkhardal elmostarda
What vegetables do you have?
‫ماذا عندكم من خضروات؟‬
maathaa endakom mena khodhraawaat?
Do you have beans?
‫أعندكم فاصوليا؟‬
aendakom faasoolyaa?
Do you have cauliflower?
‫أعندكم قرنبيط؟‬
aendakom karnabiit?
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
‫أحب أكل الذرة.‬
ohebbo akla elthora
I like to eat cucumber.
‫أحب أكل الخيار.‬
ohebbo akla elkhiyaar
I like to eat tomatoes.
‫أحب أكل الطماطم.‬
ohebbo akla ettamaatem
Do you also like to eat leek?
‫أتحب أيضًا أكل الكراث؟‬
atohebbo aydhan akla elkorraath
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
‫أتحب أيضاً أكل مخلل ملفوف؟‬
atohebbo aydhan akla mokhallal malfoof?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
‫أتحب أيضاً أكل العدس؟‬
atohebbo aydhan akla elaadas?
Do you also like to eat carrots?
‫أتحب أيضاَ أكل الجزر؟‬
atohebbo aydhan akla eljazar?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
‫أتحب أيضاً أكل البروكلي؟‬
atohebbo aydhan akla elbrookolii?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
‫أتحب أيضا أكلً الفلفل الحلو؟‬
atohebbo aydhan akla elfolfol elhelw?
I don’t like onions.
‫لا أحب البصل.‬
laa ohebbo elbasal
I don’t like olives.
‫لا أحب الزيتون.‬
laa ohebbo elzaytoon
I don’t like mushrooms.
‫لا أحب الفطر.‬
laa ohebbo elfeter

Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners