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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages


‫23 [ثلاثة وعشرون]‬

‫تعلم اللغات الأجنبية‬


Where did you learn Spanish?
‫أين تعلمت الأسبانية؟‬
ayna taalmta elesbaniya?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
‫هل تتكلم أيضاَ البرتغالية؟‬
hal tatakallam aydhan elbortoghaliya?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
‫نعم، وأتكلم أيضًا شيئاً من الإيطالية.‬
naam, w anta aydhan chay'an mena elitaliya
I think you speak very well.
‫أرى أنك تتكلم بشكل جيد جدًا.‬
araa annaka tatakallam bichaklen jayiden jeddan
The languages are quite similar.
‫اللغات متشابهة إلى حد ما.‬
elloghaat motachaabihaton ilaa hadden maa
I can understand them well.
‫أستطيع أن أفهمها جيدًا.‬
astatiio an afhamahaa jayidan
But speaking and writing is difficult.
‫لكن التكلم والكتابة شيء صعب.‬
laken eltakallom wa elkitaaba chay'on saab
I still make many mistakes.
‫وما أزال أعمل أخطاء كثيرة.‬
w ma azaalo aamalo akhtaa kathiira
Please correct me each time.
‫أرجو أن تصحح لي دائمًا.‬
arjoo an tosahhiha lii daaiman
Your pronunciation is very good.
‫نطقك جيد تماماً.‬
notkoka jayidon tmaaman
You only have a slight accent.
‫عندك لكنة بسيطة.‬
3endaka laknaton bsiita
One can tell where you come from.
‫يستطيع الشخص أن يعرف من أين أنت.‬
yastatiio elshakhso an ya3rifa men ayna ant
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
‫ما هي لغتك الأم؟‬
maa hiya loghatoka elom?
Are you taking a language course?
‫هل أنت تتعلم في دورة لغوية؟‬
hal anta tatalam fi dawrat loghawiya?
Which textbook are you using?
‫أي منهج تستعمل؟‬
ayo manhaj tastaamel?
I don’t remember the name right now.
‫لا أعرف اسمه في الوقت الحالي.‬
la aarifouesmaho fil wakt elhali
The title is not coming to me.
‫العنوان لا يخطر على بالي.‬
elenwaan la yakhtoro ala baali
I’ve forgotten it.
‫لقد نسيته للتو.‬
lakad nasaytoho leltaw

Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the *****onia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. ______ is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand ______. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that ______ is not a dialect of Spanish.

It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of ______ are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. ______ speakers are very proud of their language. Learning ______ has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn ______ - this language has a future!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners