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23 [twenty-three]

Learning foreign languages

 


‫23 (ثلاثة وعشرون)

‫تعلم اللغات الأجنبية

 

 
Where did you learn Spanish?
‫أين تعلمت الأسبانية؟
'ayn taelamt al'asbania?
Can you also speak Portuguese?
‫هل تتكلم البرتغالية أيضاً؟
hal tatakallam alburtughaliat aydaan?
Yes, and I also speak some Italian.
‫نعم، وأتكلم الإيطالية قليلاً.
naeima, wa'atakallam al'iitaliat qlylaan.
 
 
 
 
I think you speak very well.
‫أرى أنك تتحدث بشكل جيد للغاية.
'araa 'annak tatahaddath bishakl jayid lilghayat.
The languages are quite similar.
‫اللغات متشابهة إلى حد ما.
alllughat mutshabht 'iilaa hadd ma.
I can understand them well.
‫أستطيع أن أفهمها جيدًا.
'astatie 'an 'afhamaha jydana.
 
 
 
 
But speaking and writing is difficult.
‫لكن التكلم والكتابة فيهما صعوبة.
lkn alttakallum walkitabat fihima sueubat.
I still make many mistakes.
‫لا أزال أرتكب الكثير من الأخطاء.
la 'azal 'artakib alkthyr min al'akhta'.
Please correct me each time.
‫أرجو أن تصحح لي في كل مرة.‬‬
arju 'an tashah li fi kl mirta.
 
 
 
 
Your pronunciation is very good.
‫نطقك سليم للغاية.‬‬
nataqik salim llilghayita.
You only have a slight accent.
‫لكن لديك لكنة بسيطة.‬‬‬
lkn ladayk lakunnat basitata.
One can tell where you come from.
‫يستطيع المرء أن يعرف من أين أنت.‬‬‬
yastatie almar' 'an yaerif min 'ayn 'anta.
 
 
 
 
What is your mother tongue / native language (am.)?
‫ما هي لغتك الأم؟‬‬‬
ma hi laghtuk al'am?
Are you taking a language course?
‫هل أنت مشترك في دورة لغوية؟‬‬‬
hal 'ant mushtarak fi dawrat llaghawit?
Which textbook are you using?
‫أي منهاج تستخدم؟
'ay munhaj tastakhdam?
 
 
 
 
I don’t remember the name right now.
‫في الواقع لا أتذكر اسمه.
fi alwaqie la 'atadhakkar asmuh.
The title is not coming to me.
‫العنوان لا يخطر ببالي الآن.
aleunwan la yukhtir bibali alan.
I’ve forgotten it.
‫لقد نسيبته.
laqad nasibatah.
 
 
 
 
 


Germanic Languages

The Germanic languages belong to the Indo-European language family. This linguistic group is characterized by its phonological features. Differences in the phonology distinguish these languages from others. There are about 15 Germanic languages. 500 million people worldwide speak them as their native tongue. The exact number of individual languages is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. The most prominent Germanic language is English. It has 350 million native speakers worldwide. After that come German and Dutch. The Germanic languages are divided into different groups. There are North Germanic, West Germanic, and East Germanic. North Germanic languages are the Scandinavian languages. English, German and Dutch are West Germanic languages. The East Germanic languages have all become extinct. Old English, for example, belonged to this group. Colonization spread Germanic languages across the world. As a result, Dutch is understood in the Caribbean and in South Africa. All Germanic languages are derived from a common root. Whether or not there was a uniform proto-language is unclear. Besides that, only a few old Germanic texts exist. Unlike the Romance languages, there are hardly any sources. Research of the Germanic languages is more difficult as a result. Relatively little is also known about the culture of the Germanic people, or Teutons. The people of the Teutons did not unite. As a result there was no common identity. Therefore, science has to rely on other sources. Without Greeks and Romans, we would only know a little about the Teutons!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Romance language family. It is closely related to Spanish, French and Italian. It is spoken in Andorra, in the *****onia region of Spain and on the Balearic Islands. ______ is also spoken in parts of Aragon and in Valencia. A total of 12 million people speak or understand ______. The language arose between the 8th and 10th century in the Pyrenees region. It then spread to the south and east through territorial conquests. It is important to note that ______ is not a dialect of Spanish.

It evolved from Vulgar Latin and is considered an independent language. Therefore, Spaniards or Latin Americans do not automatically understand it. Many structures of ______ are similar to other Romance languages. But there are also a few features that do not occur in other languages. ______ speakers are very proud of their language. Learning ______ has been actively promoted by political groups for a few centuries. Learn ______ - this language has a future!

 

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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners