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22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3


‫22 [اثنان وعشرون]‬

‫محادثة قصيرة رقم 3‬


Do you smoke?
‫هل تدخن؟‬
hal todakhen
I used to.
‫سابقاً نعم.‬
saabikan naam
But I don’t smoke anymore.
‫لكن الآن لا أدخن قطعياً.‬
laken elaan laa odakhin katiiyan
Does it disturb you if I smoke?
‫أيزعجك إن أنا دخنت؟‬
ayozejoka in anaa dakhkhant ?
No, absolutely not.
‫لا، على الإطلاق.‬
laa , ala eletlaak
It doesn’t disturb me.
‫هذا لا يزعجني.‬
hatha laa yozejoni
Will you drink something?
‫هل تشرب حضرتك شيئًا؟‬
hal tashrabo hadhratoka chay'an?
A brandy?
‫واحد كونياك؟‬
wahed koniyaak ?
No, preferably a beer.
‫لا، ألأفضل بيرة.‬
la , offadhilo biira
Do you travel a lot?
‫أتسافر حضرتك كثيرًا؟‬
atosaafiro hadhratoka kathiiran ?
Yes, mostly on business trips.
‫نعم، وغالبًا ما تكون رحلات عمل.‬
naam ghaaliban maa takoon rahalaat amal
But now we’re on holiday.
‫ولكننا نمضي الآن إجازة هنا.‬
wa lakennanaa nomdhi elaan ijaazatan hona
It’s so hot!
‫ما هذا الحر!‬
maa hathaa elharr!
Yes, today it’s really hot.
‫نعم، اليوم حار جدًا فعلاً.‬
naam elyawm haaron jiddan fealan
Let’s go to the balcony.
‫لنذهب إلى الشُرفة.‬
lnadhhab ilaa eshshorfa
There’s a party here tomorrow.
‫غداً ستكون هنا حفلة.‬
ghadan satakoon honaa hafla
Are you also coming?
‫هل تأتون أيضًا؟‬
hal ta'toona aydhan
Yes, we’ve also been invited.
‫نعم ، نحن أيضا مدعوّون.‬
naam nahno aydhan madowoon

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. ______ is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak ______ as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. ______ is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups.

The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written ______ differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, ______ has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners