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22 [twenty-two]

Small Talk 3


‫22 [اثنان وعشرون]‬

‫محادثة قصيرة ،رقم 3‬


Do you smoke?
‫هل تدخن؟‬
hl tadkhn
I used to.
‫كنت سابقاً أدخن.‬
knt sabqaan 'adakhan
But I don’t smoke anymore.
‫لكن الان، تخليت عنه.‬
lkun alan, takhllit eanh
Does it disturb you if I smoke?
‫أيزعجك إن دخنت؟‬
ayazeijk 'inn dakhnat
No, absolutely not.
‫لا، على الإطلاق.‬
la, ealaa al'iitlaq
It doesn’t disturb me.
‫هذا لا يزعجني.‬
hdha la yazeajani
Will you drink something?
‫أ تشرب شيئًا؟‬
a tashrub shyyana
A brandy?
‫قدحاً من الكونياك؟‬
qdhaan min alkawniak
No, preferably a beer.
‫لا، أفضل كأساً من الجعة.‬
la, 'afdal kasaan min aljieati
Do you travel a lot?
‫أتسافر كثيرًا؟‬
atasafir kthyrana
Yes, mostly on business trips.
‫نعم، وغالبًا ما تكون رحلات عمل.‬
neimma, wghalbana ma takun rihlat eaml
But now we’re on holiday.
‫ولكن الآن نمضي الإجازة هنا.‬
wlkn alan namdi al'iijazat huna
It’s so hot!
‫ما هذا الحر!‬
ma hdha alhr
Yes, today it’s really hot.
‫نعم، بالفعل اليوم حار جدًا.‬
neum, balfel alyawm harr jdana
Let’s go to the balcony.
‫لنخرج إلى الشُرفة.‬
lnnakhruj 'iilaa alshurf
There’s a party here tomorrow.
‫غداً ستقام حفلة هنا.‬
ghdaan satuqam haflatan huna
Are you also coming?
‫هل ستاتي ايضا؟‬
hl satati ayda
Yes, we’ve also been invited.
‫طبعاً، فنحن مدعوّون.‬
tbeaan, fnhn mdewwwn

Language and writing

Each language is used for communication between people. When we speak, we express what we are thinking and feeling. In doing so, we don't always stick to the rules of our language. We use our own language, our vernacular. It's different in written language. Here, all the rules of our language are displayed. Writing is what enables a language to become a real language. It makes language visible. Through writing, thousands of years' worth of knowledge is passed on. This is why writing is the foundation of every sophisticated culture. The first form of writing was invented more than 5,000 years ago. It was the cuneiform writing of the Sumerians. It was carved into slabs of clay. This cuneiform was used for three hundred years. The hieroglyphics of the ancient Egyptians existed for about as long. Countless scientists have devoted their studies to it. Hieroglyphics represent a relatively complicated writing system. However, it was probably invented for a very simple reason. The Egypt of that time was a vast kingdom with many inhabitants. Everyday life and above all the economic system needed to be organized. Taxes and accounting needed to be efficiently managed. For this, the ancient Egyptians developed their graphic characters. Alphabetic writing systems, on the other hand, go back to the Sumerians. Each writing system reveals a great deal about the people who use it. Furthermore, each country shows its own characteristics through its writing. Unfortunately, the art of handwriting is disappearing. Modern technology makes it almost superfluous. So: Don't just speak, keep writing too!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Dravidian language family. These languages are primarily spoken in southern India. ______ is not related to the Indo-Aryan languages of northern India. Approximately 40 million people speak ______ as their native language. It is recognized as one of the 22 national languages of India. ______ is an agglutinating language. That means that grammatical functions are expressed by affixes. The language is divided into four regional dialect groups.

The dialect indicates where the speakers come from. Additionally, their social class can also be identified based on their language. Spoken and written ______ differ from one another. Like many other Indian languages, ______ has its own writing system. It is a hybrid of alphabet and syllabic writing. It consists of many round symbols, which is typical for southern Indian writing systems. And it is really a lot of fun to learn these beautiful letters.


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners