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21 [twenty-one]

Small Talk 2


‫21 [واحد وعشرون]‬

‫محادثة قصيرة رقم 2‬


Where do you come from?
‫من أين أنت؟‬
men ayna anta ?
From Basel.
‫أنا من بازل.‬
ana men baazel
Basel is in Switzerland.
‫بازل في سويسرا.‬
baazel fii swiisraa
May I introduce Mr. Miller?
‫اسمحوا لي أن أقدم لكم السيد مولر!‬
esmahoo lii an okaddima lakom essayed mooler!
He is a foreigner.
‫هو أجنبي.‬
howa ajnabii
He speaks several languages.
‫هو يتكلم عدّة لغات.‬
howa yattakallam eddata loghaat
Are you here for the first time?
‫هل حضرتك هنا لأول مرة؟‬
hal hadhratoka hona liawali marra?
No, I was here once last year.
‫لا، قد كنت هنا في العام الماضي.‬
laa , la9ad konto hona elaama elmaadhii
Only for a week, though.
‫ولكن لمدة أسبوع واحد فقط.‬
wa laken limoddat osbooen fakat
How do you like it here?
‫أتستمتع بوجودك عندنا؟‬
atastamtioo biwojodika hona?
A lot. The people are nice.
‫جداً.الناس هنا لطفاء.‬
jidan. ennaaso hona lotafaa
And I like the scenery, too.
‫وتعجبني المناظر الطبيعية أيضًا.‬
wa tojibonii elmanaadhir ettabiiya
What is your profession?
‫ما هو عملك؟‬
maa howa amaloka ?
I am a translator.
‫أنا مترجم.‬
ana motarjem
I translate books.
‫أنا أترجم الكتب.‬
ana otarjim elkotob
Are you alone here?
‫هل حضرتك هنا لوحدك؟‬
hal hadhratoka hona liwahdik?
No, my wife / my husband is also here.
‫لا، زوجتي / زوجي هنا أيضًا.‬
laa, zawjatii/zawjii hona aydhan
And those are my two children.
‫وهناك طفلاي الاثنان.‬
wa honaaka teflaaya elethnaan

Romance Languages

700 million people speak a Romance language as their native tongue. Thus the Romance language group ranks among the most significant worldwide. Romance languages belong to the Indo-European language family. All Romance languages date back to Latin. This means they are descendants of the language of Rome. The basis of all Romance languages was Vulgar Latin. By which is meant the Latin spoken in late ancient times. Vulgar Latin was spread throughout Europe through Roman conquests. Out of it there then developed the Romance languages and dialects. Latin itself is an Italian language. There are in total about 15 Romance languages. The exact number is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. A few Romance languages have died out over the years. But new languages based on Romance languages have also developed. They are Creole languages. Today, Spanish is the largest Romance language worldwide. It belongs to the world languages with more than 380 million speakers. Romance languages are very interesting for scientists. Because the history of this linguistic group is well-documented. Latin or Roman texts have existed for 2,500 years. Linguists use them to examine the evolution of the individual languages. Thus, the rules from which language develops can be researched. Many of these results can be transferred to other languages. The grammar of Romance languages is similarly constructed. Above all, however, the vocabulary of the languages is similar. If a person speaks one Romance language, he can easily learn another one. Thank you, Latin!

Guess the language!

The ______ language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of ______ is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. ______ has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak ______. Naturally, the majority of those live in *****. There are also large groups of ______ speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of ______ emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners