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21 [twenty-one]

Small Talk 2


‫21 [واحد وعشرون]‬

‫محادثة قصيرة،رقم 2‬


Where do you come from?
‫من أين أنت؟‬
mn 'ayn 'ant
From Basel.
‫أنا من بازل.‬
ana min bazl
Basel is in Switzerland.
‫بازل تقع في سويسرا.‬
bazil taqae fi suyisra
May I introduce Mr. Miller?
‫اسمح لي أن أقدم لك السيد مولر!‬
asmh li 'an 'aqdam lak alsyd mwlr
He is a foreigner.
‫هو أجنبي.‬
hu 'ajnabi
He speaks several languages.
‫إنه يتكلم عدّة لغات.‬
'innah yatakallam eddt laghata
Are you here for the first time?
‫هل حضرتك هنا لأول مرة؟‬
hl hadratuk huna li'awwal marta
No, I was here once last year.
‫لا، كنت هنا في العام الماضي.‬
la, kunt huna fi aleam almadi
Only for a week, though.
‫ولكن لمدة أسبوع فقط.‬
wlikan limuddat 'usbue faqat
How do you like it here?
‫أتستمتع بوجودك هنا؟‬
atastamtie biwujudik huna
A lot. The people are nice.
‫جداً. فالناس لطفاء.‬
jdaan falnnas latafa'a
And I like the scenery, too.
‫والمناظر الطبيعية تعجبني أيضًا.‬
walmanazir alttabieiat taejibni aydana
What is your profession?
I am a translator.
‫أنا مترجم.‬
ana mutarajma
I translate books.
‫إني أترجم كتباً.‬
'iini 'atarajjam ktbaan
Are you alone here?
‫هل حضرتك بمفردك هنا؟‬
hl hadratuk bimufradik huna
No, my wife / my husband is also here.
‫لا، زوجتي / زوجي هنا أيضًا.‬
la, zawjati / zuji huna aydana
And those are my two children.
‫وهناك طفلاي الاثنان.‬
wahunak tifalay alathnan

Romance Languages

700 million people speak a Romance language as their native tongue. Thus the Romance language group ranks among the most significant worldwide. Romance languages belong to the Indo-European language family. All Romance languages date back to Latin. This means they are descendants of the language of Rome. The basis of all Romance languages was Vulgar Latin. By which is meant the Latin spoken in late ancient times. Vulgar Latin was spread throughout Europe through Roman conquests. Out of it there then developed the Romance languages and dialects. Latin itself is an Italian language. There are in total about 15 Romance languages. The exact number is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. A few Romance languages have died out over the years. But new languages based on Romance languages have also developed. They are Creole languages. Today, Spanish is the largest Romance language worldwide. It belongs to the world languages with more than 380 million speakers. Romance languages are very interesting for scientists. Because the history of this linguistic group is well-documented. Latin or Roman texts have existed for 2,500 years. Linguists use them to examine the evolution of the individual languages. Thus, the rules from which language develops can be researched. Many of these results can be transferred to other languages. The grammar of Romance languages is similarly constructed. Above all, however, the vocabulary of the languages is similar. If a person speaks one Romance language, he can easily learn another one. Thank you, Latin!

Guess the language!

The ______ language is surely one of the most fascinating. Many people find the writing system especially interesting. It is comprised of Chinese symbols and two syllabaries. Another characteristic of ______ is that it has many dialects. These differ from one another significantly in some cases. Thus it is possible that two speakers from different regions do not understand each other. ______ has a melodic accent. If a word needs to be emphasized it is not spoken louder.

The pitches of the sounds are varied. Approximately 130 million people speak ______. Naturally, the majority of those live in *****. There are also large groups of ______ speakers in Brazil and North America. They are the descendants of ______ emigrants. There are relatively few true second language speakers. That is exactly what should motivate us to learn this exciting language!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners