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17 [seventeen]

Around the house


‫17 (سبعة عشر)‬‬‬

‫فى البيت‬ / في المنزل‬‬


Our house is here.
The roof is on top.
‫السقف في الاعلى.
alssaqf fi alaelaa.
The basement is below.
‫القبو في الاسفل.
alqabbu fi alasfil.
There is a garden behind the house.
‫خلف المنزل حديقة.
khalf almanzil hadiaqat.
There is no street in front of the house.
‫لا يمر شارع أمام المنزل.
la yamurr sharie 'amam almunzil.
There are trees next to the house.
‫هناك أشجار بجوار المنزل.
hnak 'ashjar bijiwar almunzil.
My apartment is here.
‫هذه هي شقتي.
hadhih hi shiqti.
The kitchen and bathroom are here.
‫وهنا المطبخ والحمام.
wahuna almatbakh walhamam.
The living room and bedroom are there.
‫هناك غرفة الجلوس(المعيشة) وغرفة النوم.
hnak ghurfat aljalusi (almaeishata) waghurfat alnnawm.
The front door is closed.
‫باب المنزل مغلق.
bab almanzil mughlaq.
But the windows are open.
‫لكن النوافذ مفتوحة.
lkn alnnawafidh maftuhatan.
It is hot today.
‫اليوم الجو حار.
alyawm aljaww har.
We are going to the living room.
‫نذهب الآن إلى غرفة الجلوس.‬‬‬
nadhhab alan 'iilaa ghurfat aljulus.
There is a sofa and an armchair there.
‫هناك اريكة وكنبة.
hnak arykat wakanbat.
Please, sit down!
‫تفضل بالجلوس!
tafaddal bialjulus!
My computer is there.
‫هناك حاسوبي.
hnak haswbi.
My stereo is there.
‫هناك معداتي السمعية.
hnak maeaddati alssameiat.
The TV set is brand new.
‫جهاز التلفاز جديد.‬‬
jihaz alttalfaz jadid.

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!

Guess the language!

______ is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. ______ is the native language of 5 million people. Modern ______ is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient ______. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient ______ was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide.

The ______ semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. ______ text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns ______ learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners