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17 [seventeen]

Around the house


‫17 [سبعة عشر]‬

‫فى البيت‬


Our house is here.
‫هنا بيتنا.‬
hona baytonaa
The roof is on top.
‫فوق يوجد السقف.‬
fawk yoojado essakf
The basement is below.
‫تحت يوجد القبو.‬
taht yoojado elkabow
There is a garden behind the house.
‫توجد حديقة خلف المنزل.‬
toojado hadiikat khalfa elmanzel
There is no street in front of the house.
‫لا يوجد شارع أمام المنزل.‬
laa yoojado chaara amaama elmanzel
There are trees next to the house.
‫توجد أشجار بجوار المنزل.‬
toojado ashjaar bijiwaari elmanzel
My apartment is here.
‫هنا شقتى.‬
houna shokkatii
The kitchen and bathroom are here.
‫هنا المطبخ والحمام.‬
houna elmatbakh wa elhammaam
The living room and bedroom are there.
‫هناك غرفة المعيشة وغرفة النوم.‬
houna ghorfat elmaaiishat wa ghorfat elnawm
The front door is closed.
‫باب المنزل مغلق.‬
baab elmanzil moghlak
But the windows are open.
‫لكن النوافذ مفتوحة.‬
lakinn ennawafith maftou7a
It is hot today.
‫اليوم الجو حار.‬
elyawm eljaw haar
We are going to the living room.
‫نذهب الآن إلى غرفة المعيشة.‬
nathhab elaan ilaa ghorfat elmaaiicha
There is a sofa and an armchair there.
‫هناك يوجد صوفا وكنبة.‬
honaka yoojado sofa wa kanabaa
Please, sit down!
‫تفضل واجلس!‬
tafadhal wa ijles
My computer is there.
‫هناك يوجد كمبيوتري.‬
honaka yoojad combyootarii
My stereo is there.
‫هناك جهازي الستيريو.‬
honaka jihaazii esstiryoo
The TV set is brand new.
‫التلفزيون جديد تمامًا.‬
ettelfezyoon jadiidon tamaaman

Words and vocabulary

Every language has its own vocabulary. This consists of a certain number of words. A word is an independent linguistic unit. Words always have a distinct meaning. This distinguishes them from sounds or syllables. The number of words is different in every language. English, for example, has many words. It's even known as the World Champion in the category of vocabulary. The English language supposedly has more than one million words today. The Oxford English Dictionary has more than 600,000 words in it. Chinese, Spanish and Russian have much fewer. The vocabulary of a language is also dependent on its history. English has been influenced by many other languages and cultures. As a result, the English vocabulary has increased considerably. But even today the English vocabulary continues to get larger. Experts estimate that 15 new words are added every day. These originate from new media more than anywhere else. Scientific terminology is not counted here. For chemical terminology alone contains thousands of words. Longer words are used less than shorter words in almost every language. And most speakers only use a few words. That is why we decide between active and passive vocabulary. Passive vocabulary contains words that we understand. But we use them seldom or not at all. Active vocabulary contains the words that we use on a regular basis. A few words suffice for simple conversations or texts. In English, you only need around 400 words and 40 verbs for that. So don't worry if your vocabulary is limited!

Guess the language!

______ is in the Afro-Asiatic language family. It is closely related to Arabic and Aramaic. ______ is the native language of 5 million people. Modern ______ is an artificially created language. It is based on long-extinct ancient ______. The vocabulary and grammar were borrowed in part from other languages. In this way ancient ______ was deliberately converted into a modern standard language. This planned linguistic change is unique worldwide.

The ______ semiotic system consists of a consonantal alphabet. That means that vowels are not written, as a rule. They do not have their own letters. ______ text is read from right to left. Its symbols go back to a 3000 year-old tradition. Whoever learns ______ learns a piece of cultural history at the same time. Give it a try!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners