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16 [sixteen]

Seasons and Weather


‫16 [ستة عشر]‬

‫فصول السنة والطقس‬


These are the seasons:
‫هذه هى فصول السنة:‬
hadhihi hiya fosool essana:
Spring, summer,
‫الربيع، الصيف،‬
errabiia, essayif,
autumn / fall (am.) and winter.
‫الخريف، والشتاء.‬
elkhariif, wa eshshitaa,
The summer is warm.
‫الصيف حار.‬
essayif haar
The sun shines in summer.
‫في الصيف تسطع الشمس.‬
fii essayif tastaa eshshams
We like to go for a walk in summer.
‫في الصيف نحب نذهب نتنزه.‬
fi alssayf nahibb nadhhab natnazaha
The winter is cold.
‫الشتاء بارد.‬
eshshitaa baared
It snows or rains in winter.
‫في الشتاء تثلج أو تمطر.‬
fii eshshitaa tothlij aw tomter
We like to stay home in winter.
‫في الشتاء نفضل البقاء في البيت.‬
fii eshshitaa nofadhil elbaaka fii elbayt
It is cold.
‫الجو بارد.‬
ejaw baared
It is raining.
‫إنها تمطر.‬
innahaa tomter
It is windy.
‫الجو عاصف.‬
ejjaw aasef
It is warm.
‫الجو دافئ.‬
ejjaw daafe'
It is sunny.
‫الجو مُشمس.‬
ejjaw moshmes
It is pleasant.
‫الجو صافٍ.‬
ejjaw saafen
What is the weather like today?
‫كيف الطقس اليوم؟‬
kayfa ettaksso elyawm?
It is cold today.
‫اليوم الجو بارد.‬
elyawm ejjaw baared
It is warm today.
‫اليوم الجو دافئ.‬
elyawm ejjaw dafe'

Learning and emotions

We are happy when we can communicate in a foreign language. We are proud of ourselves and our learning progress. On the other hand, if we aren't successful we're upset or disappointed. Different feelings are thus associated with learning. New studies have come to interesting results. They show that feelings play a role during learning. Because our emotions influence our success in learning. Learning is always a "problem" for our brain. And it wants to solve this problem. Whether or not it is successful depends on our emotions. If we believe we can solve the problem, we're confident. This emotional stability helps us in learning. Positive thinking promotes our intellectual abilities. On the other hand, learning under stress does not work as well. Doubt or worrying hinders good performance. We learn especially poorly when we are afraid. In that case, our brain cannot store new content very well. Therefore, it is important to always be motivated when learning. So emotions influence learning. But learning also influences our emotions! The same brain structures that process facts also process emotions. So learning can make you happy, and those who are happy learn better. Of course learning isn't always fun; it can also be tedious. For this reason we should always set small goals. This way we won't overtax our brain. And we guarantee that we can fulfill our expectations. Our success is then a reward that motivates us all over again. So: Learn something – and smile while you do so!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-European languages. However, it is not closely related to any other language in the world. Modern ______ must not be confused with Ancient ______. Ancient ______ is still taught at many schools and universities. In the past it was the language of philosophy and science. It was also used as a common language by those traveling through the ancient world. On the other hand, Modern ______ is the native language of about 13 million people. It evolved from ancient ______.

It is difficult to say when exactly Modern ______ originated. One thing is certain: it is more simply constructed than ancient ______. All the same, numerous archaic forms remain in Modern ______. It is a very uniform language too, in which no strong dialects are present. It is written with the ______ alphabet that is almost 2500 years old. An interesting fact is that ______ is counted among the languages that have the largest vocabulary. So if you like to learn vocabulary you should start with ______.


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners