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12 [twelve]



‫12 [اثنا عشر]‬



I drink tea.
‫أنا أشرب شاي.‬
ana ashrabo shay
I drink coffee.
‫أنا أشرب قهوة.‬
ana ashrabo kahwa
I drink mineral water.
‫أنا أشرب ميّه معدنية.‬
ana ashrabo miyaah maadania
Do you drink tea with lemon?
‫أتشرب شاي مع ليمون؟‬
atashrabo shaay maa laymoon?
Do you drink coffee with sugar?
‫أتشرب قهوة مع سكر؟‬
atashrabo kahwat maa sokkar?
Do you drink water with ice?
‫أتشرب ماء مع ثلج؟‬
atshrabo maan maa thalj?
There is a party here.
‫هنا توجد حفلة.‬
hona toojado haffala
People are drinking champagne.
‫الناس يشربون شمبانيا.‬
ennas yashraboon shambaniaa
People are drinking wine and beer.
‫الناس يشربون خمر وبيرة.‬
ennas yashraboon khamran wa biira
Do you drink alcohol?
‫أتشرب الخمر؟‬
atashrabo elkhamr?
Do you drink whisky / whiskey (am.)?
‫أتشرب وسكي؟‬
atashrabo wessky?
Do you drink Coke with rum?
‫أتشرب كولا مع روم؟‬
atashrabo kola maa room?
I do not like champagne.
‫لا أحب الشمبانيا.‬
la ohebbo elshambaniaa
I do not like wine.
‫لا أحب الخمر.‬
la ohibbo elkhamr
I do not like beer.
‫لا أحب البيرة.‬
la ohibbo elbiira
The baby likes milk.
‫الرضيع يحب اللبن.‬
erradhia yohibbo ellaban
The child likes cocoa and apple juice.
‫الطفل يحب الكاكاو وعصير التفاح.‬
ettifl yohibbo elkakaw wa asiir ettoffah
The woman likes orange and grapefruit juice.
‫المرأة تحب عصير البرتقال وعصير الجريب فروت.‬
almara tohibbo asiir elbortokal wa asiir eljarib froot

Signs as language

People created languages in order to communicate. Even the deaf or hard of hearing have their own language. It's sign language, the basic language of all hearing impaired people. It is made up of combined symbols. This makes it a visual language, or "visible". So is sign language understood on an international level? No, even signing has different national languages. Every country has its own sign language. And it is influenced by the culture of the country. Because language always evolves from culture. This is also true with languages that aren't spoken. There is, however, an international sign language. But its signs are somewhat more complicated. Nevertheless, national sign languages do resemble one another. Many signs are iconic. They are oriented towards the form of the objects they represent. The most widely used sign language is American Sign Language. Sign languages are recognized as fully-fledged languages. They have their own grammar. But it is different from the grammar of spoken languages. As a result, sign language can't be translated word for word. There are, however, sign language interpreters. Information is simultaneously communicated with sign language. That means that a single sign can express a whole sentence. There are also dialects in sign language. Regional particularities have their own signs. And every sign language has its own intonation. It's true for signs too: Our accent reveals our origin!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Finno-Ugrian languages. It is thereby related to Finnish and Hungarian. However, parallels to Hungarian are only slightly noticeable. Many think that ______ is similar to Latvian or Lithuanian. That is completely false, however. Both of those languages belong to a completely different language family. ______ does not have any grammatical genders. There is no differentiation between feminine and masculine.

Instead there are 14 different cases. The orthography is not very difficult. It is determined by the pronunciation. This should definitely be practiced with a native speaker. If you want to learn ______, you need discipline and a little patience. ______s are happy to overlook little mistakes made by foreigners. They are excited to meet anyone who is interested in their language!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners