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10 [ten]

Yesterday – today – tomorrow


‫10 [عشرة]‬

‫أمس – اليوم – غدًا‬


Yesterday was Saturday.
‫البارحة كان السبت.‬
albarihat kan alssibt
I was at the cinema yesterday.
‫بالأمس كنتُ في السينما.‬
bal'ams knt fi alssinima
The film was interesting.
‫كان الفيلم مشوقاً.‬
kan alfilm mshwqaan
Today is Sunday.
‫اليوم هو الأحد.‬
aliawm hu al'ahad
I’m not working today.
‫اليوم لا أعمل.‬
aliawm la 'aemil
I’m staying at home.
‫سأبقى في البيت.‬
s'ubqaa fi albita
Tomorrow is Monday.
‫غدًا هو الاثنين.‬
ghdana hu alathnayn
Tomorrow I will work again.
‫غداً سأعود للعمل.‬
ghdaan sa'aeud lileaml
I work at an office.
‫إني أعمل في مكتب.‬
'iini 'aemal fi maktba
Who is that?
‫من هذا؟‬
mn hudha
That is Peter.
‫هذا بيتر.‬
hdha baytur
Peter is a student.
‫بيتر طالب.‬
byatr talb
Who is that?
‫مَن هذه؟‬
man hudhha
That is Martha.
‫هذه مارتا.‬
hdhih marta
Martha is a secretary.
‫مارتا أمينة سر.‬
marta 'aminat sr
Peter and Martha are friends.
‫بيتر ومارتا أصدقاء.‬
biitr wamarta 'usdaqa'a
Peter is Martha’s friend.
‫بيتر صديق مارتا.‬
byitr sadiq marta
Martha is Peter’s friend.
‫مارتا صديقة بيتر.‬
marta sadiqat bitr

Learning in your sleep

Today, foreign languages are a part of general education. If only learning them weren't so tedious! There is good news for those that have difficulties with them. For we learn most effectively in our sleep! Multiple scientific studies have arrived at this conclusion. And we can use this when it comes to learning languages. We process the day's events in our sleep. Our brains analyze new experiences. Everything that we've experienced is thought out once again. And the new content is reinforced in our brains. Things that are learned just before falling asleep are retained especially well. Therefore, it can be helpful to review important items in the evening. A different phase of sleep is responsible for different learning content. REM sleep supports psychomotor learning. Playing music or sports belongs in this category. In contrast, the learning of pure knowledge takes place in deep sleep. This is where everything we learn is reviewed. Even vocabulary and grammar! When we learn languages, our brain must work very hard. It has to store new words and rules. This is all played back once more in sleep. Researchers call this Replay Theory. However, it's important that you sleep well. Body and mind have to recuperate properly. Only then can the brain work efficiently. You could say: good sleep, good cognitive performance. While we're resting, our brain is still active… So: Gute Nacht, good night, buona notte, dobrou noc!

Guess the language!

British ______ is the form of ______ that is spoken in Great Britain. It is counted among the West Germanic languages. It is the native language of approximately 60 million people. It deviates from American ______ in a few areas. ______ is thus considered a pluricentric language. That means that it is a language that has multiple standard forms. Differences can relate to pronunciation, vocabulary, and orthography, for example. British ______ is divided into many dialects that in some cases are very different.

For a long time dialect speakers were considered uneducated and could not find good jobs. Today it is different, even though dialects still play a role in Great Britain. British ______ has also been strongly influenced by French. This dates back to the Norman Conquest in 1066. In turn, Great Britain took its language to other continents during the colonial times. In this way, ______ became one of the most important languages of the world in the last few centuries. Learn ______, but the original please!


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book2 English UK - Arabic for beginners