One language, many varieties
Even if we only speak one language, we speak many languages. For no language is a self-contained system. Every language shows many different dimensions. Language is a living system. Speakers always orient themselves towards their conversation partners. Therefore, people vary the language they speak. These varieties appear in various forms. For example, every language has a history. It has changed and will continue to change. This can be recognized in the fact that old people speak differently than young people. There are also various dialects in most languages. However, many dialect speakers can adapt to their environment. In certain situations they speak the standard language. Different social groups have different languages. Youth language or hunter's jargon are examples of this. Most people speak differently at work than they do at home. Many also use a professional jargon at work. Differences also appear in spoken and written language. Spoken language is typically much simpler than written. The difference can be quite large. This is the case when written languages don't change for a long time. Speakers then must learn to use the language in written form first. The language of women and men is often different as well. This difference isn't that great in western societies. But there are countries in which women speak much more differently than men. In some cultures, politeness has its own linguistic form. Speaking is therefore not at all so easy! We have to pay attention to many different things at the same time…
Guess the language!
______ is counted among the South Slavic languages.
It is the native language of about 2 million people.
These people live in *******a, Croatia, Serbia, Austria, Italy and Hungary.
______ is similar in many ways to Czech and ****akian.
Many influences from Serbo-Croatian can also be seen.
Although *******a is a small country, many different dialects exist there.
This is due to the fact that the language region looks back at a checkered history.
This manifests itself in the vocabulary too, as it contains many foreign language terms.
______ is written with Latin letters.
The grammar distinguishes six cases and three genders.
There are two official phonologies in the pronunciation.
One of them differentiates precisely between high and low sounds.
Another peculiarity of the language is its archaic structure.
______s have always been very open with respect to other languages.
So they are even happier when someone is interested in their language!