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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4
32 [třicet dva]

V restauraci 4
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I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
And two with mayonnaise.
And three sausages with mustard.
 
What vegetables do you have?
Do you have beans?
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I like to eat (sweet) corn.
I like to eat cucumber.
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Do you also like to eat leek?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
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Do you also like to eat carrots?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
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I don’t like onions.
I don’t like olives.
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Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is a North Germanic language. It is the native language of approximately 5 million people. The exceptional thing about ______ is that it consists of two standard forms: Bokmål and Nyorsk. That is to say, there are two recognized ______ languages. They are both used equally in administration, schools, and media. For a long time a standard language could not be established due to the country's size. So the dialects remained and developed independent from one another.

However, every ______ understands all local dialects as well as both official languages. There are no solid rules for ______ pronunciation. This is because both standard forms are predominantly written. Typically a local dialect is spoken. ______ is very similar to Danish and Swedish. Speakers of these languages can communicate amongst themselves relatively easily. ______ is a very interesting language. And you can choose which ______ you want to learn!

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