Languages and sayings
There are sayings in every language. In this way, sayings are an important part of national identity. Sayings reveal the norms and values of a country. Their form is generally known and fixed, not modifiable. Sayings are always short and succinct. Metaphors are often used in them. Many sayings are also poetically constructed. Most sayings give us advice or rules of conduct. But some sayings also offer obvious criticism. Sayings also often use stereotypes. So they may be about supposedly typical traits of other countries or people. Sayings have a long tradition. Aristotle praised them as short philosophical pieces. They are an important stylistic device in rhetoric and literature. What makes them special is that they always remain topical. In linguistics there is a discipline, which is devoted just to them. Many sayings exist in multiple languages. Thus they can be lexically identical. In this case, speakers of different languages use the same words. Bellende Hunde beißen nicht, Perro que ladra no muerde. (DE-ES) Other sayings are semantically similar. Meaning the same idea is expressed using different words. Appeler un chat un chat, Dire pane al pane e vino al vino. (FR-IT) So sayings help us understand other people and cultures. Most interesting are the sayings that are found worldwide. Those are about the "major" topics of human life. These sayings deal with universal experiences. They show that we're all alike – no matter what language we speak!
Guess the language!
______ is spoken by approximately 4 million people.
______ is counted among the southern Caucasian languages.
It is written in its own semiotic system, the ______ alphabet.
This writing system has 33 letters.
They have the same sequence as the Greek alphabet.
However, the ______ writing system is most likely derived from that of the Aramaic language.
In ______ it is typical to have many consonants follow each other.
Many ______ words are therefore difficult for foreigners to pronounce.
The grammar is also not very easy.
It contains many elements that do not exist in any other language.
______ vocabulary reveals a lot about the history of the Caucasus.
It contains many words that were adopted from other languages.
Among them are Greek, Persian, Arabic, Russian and Turkish.
But the special thing about ______ is its long tradition.
______ is among the oldest living languages of the civilized world!