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21 [twenty-one]

Small Talk 2
21 [dvacet jedna]

Konverzace 2
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Where do you come from?
From Basel.
Basel is in Switzerland.
 
May I introduce Mr. Miller?
He is a foreigner.
He speaks several languages.
 
Are you here for the first time?
No, I was here once last year.
Only for a week, though.
 
How do you like it here?
A lot. The people are nice.
And I like the scenery, too.
 
What is your profession?
I am a translator.
I translate books.
 
Are you alone here?
No, my wife / my husband is also here.
And those are my two children.
 


Romance Languages

700 million people speak a Romance language as their native tongue. Thus the Romance language group ranks among the most significant worldwide. Romance languages belong to the Indo-European language family. All Romance languages date back to Latin. This means they are descendants of the language of Rome. The basis of all Romance languages was Vulgar Latin. By which is meant the Latin spoken in late ancient times. Vulgar Latin was spread throughout Europe through Roman conquests. Out of it there then developed the Romance languages and dialects. Latin itself is an Italian language. There are in total about 15 Romance languages. The exact number is difficult to determine. It is often unclear whether independent languages or only dialects exist. A few Romance languages have died out over the years. But new languages based on Romance languages have also developed. They are Creole languages. Today, Spanish is the largest Romance language worldwide. It belongs to the world languages with more than 380 million speakers. Romance languages are very interesting for scientists. Because the history of this linguistic group is well-documented. Latin or Roman texts have existed for 2,500 years. Linguists use them to examine the evolution of the individual languages. Thus, the rules from which language develops can be researched. Many of these results can be transferred to other languages. The grammar of Romance languages is similarly constructed. Above all, however, the vocabulary of the languages is similar. If a person speaks one Romance language, he can easily learn another one. Thank you, Latin!

Guess the language!

British ______ is the form of ______ that is spoken in Great Britain. It is counted among the West Germanic languages. It is the native language of approximately 60 million people. It deviates from American ______ in a few areas. ______ is thus considered a pluricentric language. That means that it is a language that has multiple standard forms. Differences can relate to pronunciation, vocabulary, and orthography, for example. British ______ is divided into many dialects that in some cases are very different. For a long time dialect speakers were considered uneducated and could not find good jobs. Today it is different, even though dialects still play a role in Great Britain.

British ______ has also been strongly influenced by French. This dates back to the Norman Conquest in 1066. In turn, Great Britain took its language to other continents during the colonial times. In this way, ______ became one of the most important languages of the world in the last few centuries. Learn ______, but the original please!

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