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84 [eighty-four]

Past tense 4

 


84 [тIокIиплIырэ плIырэ]

БлэкIыгъэ шъуашэр 4

 

 
to read
еджэн
edzhjen
I read.
Сэ зджыгъэ.
Sje zdzhygje.
I read the whole novel.
Сэ романыр зэрэпсэоу зджыгъэ.
Sje romanyr zjerjepsjeou zdzhygje.
 
 
 
 
to understand
гурыIон
guryIon
I understood.
Сэ къызгурыIуагъ.
Sje kyzguryIuag.
I understood the whole text.
Сэ тхыгъэр (текстыр) зэрэпсэоу къызгурыIуагъ.
Sje thygjer (tekstyr) zjerjepsjeou kyzguryIuag.
 
 
 
 
to answer
Джэуап етын
Dzhjeuap etyn
I answered.
Сэ джэуап естыгъ.
Sje dzhjeuap estyg.
I answered all the questions.
Сэ упчIэхэм зэкIэм яджэуап ястыгъ.
Sje upchIjehjem zjekIjem jadzhjeuap jastyg.
 
 
 
 
I know that – I knew that.
Сэ ар сэшIэ – сэ ар сшIэщтыгъэ.
Sje ar sjeshIje – sje ar sshIjeshhtygje.
I write that – I wrote that.
Сэ ар сэтхы – ар стхыгъэ.
Sje ar sjethy – ar sthygje.
I hear that – I heard that.
Сэ ар зэхэсэхы – ар зэхэсхыгъ.
Sje ar zjehjesjehy – ar zjehjeshyg.
 
 
 
 
I’ll get it – I got it.
Сэ ар сэштэ – сэ ар сштагъэ.
Sje ar sjeshtje – sje ar sshtagje.
I’ll bring that – I brought that.
Сэ ар сэхьы – сэ ар къэсхьыгъ.
Sje ar sjeh'y – sje ar kjesh'yg.
I’ll buy that – I bought that.
Сэ ар сэщэфы – сэ ар сщэфыгъэ.
Sje ar sjeshhjefy – sje ar sshhjefygje.
 
 
 
 
I expect that – I expected that.
Сэ ащ сежэ – сэ ащ сежагъ.
Sje ashh sezhje – sje ashh sezhag.
I’ll explain that – I explained that.
Сэ ар гурысэгъаIо – сэ ар гурызгъэIуагъ.
Sje ar gurysjegaIo – sje ar guryzgjeIuag.
I know that – I knew that.
Сэ ар сэшIэ – ар сшIэщтыгъ.
Sje ar sjeshIje – ar sshIjeshhtyg.
 
 
 
 

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Negative words aren't translated into the native language

When reading, multilinguals translate subconsciously into their native language. This happens automatically; that is, the readers do it without realizing. It could be said that the brain functions like a simultaneous translator. But it doesn't translate everything! One study has shown that the brain has a built-in filter. This filter decides what gets translated. And it appears that the filter ignores certain words. Negative words aren't translated into the native language. Researchers selected native speakers of Chinese for their experiment. All test subjects spoke English as their second language. The test subjects had to rate various English words. These words had different emotional content. There were positive, negative and neutral terms. While the test subjects read the words, their brains were examined. That is, the researchers measured the electrical brain activity. In doing so, they could see how the brain worked. Certain signals are generated during the translation of words. They indicate that the brain is active. However, the test subjects showed no activity with the negative words. Only the positive or neutral terms were translated. Researchers don't yet know why this is. Theoretically, the brain has to process all words the same. It could be, however, that the filter quickly examines each word. It is analyzed while still being read in the second language. If a word is negative, the memory is blocked. In other words, it can't think of the word in the native language. People can react very sensitively to words. Perhaps the brain wants to protect them from emotional shock…

 


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