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76 [seventy-six]

giving reasons 2


76 [тIокIищрэ пшIыкIухырэ]

Зыгорэм ишъхьаусыгъохэр къэгъэлъэгъон 2


Why didn’t you come?
Сыда укъызыкIэмыкIуагъэр?
Syda ukyzykIjemykIuagjer?
I was ill.
I didn’t come because I was ill.
СыкъызыкIэмыкIогъагъэр сыгъойщэягъэшъ ары..
SykyzykIjemykIogagjer sygojshhjejagjesh ary..
Why didn’t she come?
Сыда ар (бзылъфыгъ) къызыкIэмыкIуагъэр?
Syda ar (bzylfyg) kyzykIjemykIuagjer?
She was tired.
Ар пшъыгъагъэ.
Ar pshygagje.
She didn’t come because she was tired.
Ар (бзылъфыгъ) къызыкIэмыкIуагъэр пшъыгъагъэшъ ары.
Ar (bzylfyg) kyzykIjemykIuagjer pshygagjesh ary.
Why didn’t he come?
Сыда ар (хъулъфыгъ) къызыкIэмыкIуагъэр?
Syda ar (hulfyg) kyzykIjemykIuagjer?
He wasn’t interested.
He didn’t come because he wasn’t interested.
Ар къызыкIэмыкIуагъэр къэкIонэу фэчэфыгъэпышъ ары.
Ar kyzykIjemykIuagjer kjekIonjeu fjechjefygjepysh ary.
Why didn’t you come?
Сыда шъукъызыкIэмыкIуагъэр?
Syda shukyzykIjemykIuagjer?
Our car is damaged.
Тимашинэ къутэгъагъэ.
Timashinje kutjegagje.
We didn’t come because our car is damaged.
ТыкъызыкIэмыкIуагъэр тимашинэ къутэгъагъэшъ ары.
TykyzykIjemykIuagjer timashinje kutjegagjesh ary.
Why didn’t the people come?
Сыда цIыфхэр къызыкIэмыкIуагъэхэр?
Syda cIyfhjer kyzykIjemykIuagjehjer?
They missed the train.
МэшIокум къыщинагъэх.
MjeshIokum kyshhinagjeh.
They didn’t come because they missed the train.
Ахэр къызыкIэмыкIуагъэхэр мэшIокум къыщинагъэхэшъ ары.
Ahjer kyzykIjemykIuagjehjer mjeshIokum kyshhinagjehjesh ary.
Why didn’t you come?
Сыда укъызыкIэмыкIуагъэр?
Syda ukyzykIjemykIuagjer?
I was not allowed to.
СыкъэкIонэу сыфитыгъэп.
SykjekIonjeu syfitygjep.
I didn’t come because I was not allowed to.
Сэ сыкъызыкIэмыкIуагъэр сыфитыгъэпышъ ары.
Sje sykyzykIjemykIuagjer syfitygjepysh ary.

The indigenous languages of America

Many different languages are spoken in America. English is the main language in North America. Spanish and Portuguese dominate in South America. All of these languages came to America from Europe. Before colonization, other languages were spoken there. These languages are known as the indigenous languages of America. Until today, they haven't been explored substantially. The variety of these languages is enormous. It is estimated that there are about 60 language families in North America. In South America there could even be as many as 150. Additionally, there are many isolated languages. All of these languages are very different. They exhibit only a few common structures. Therefore, it is difficult to classify the languages. The reason for their differences lies in the history of America. America was colonized in several stages. The first people came to America over more than 10,000 years ago. Each population brought its language to the continent. The indigenous languages are most similar to Asian languages. The situation regarding America's ancient languages isn't the same everywhere. Many Native American languages are still in use in South America. Languages like Guarani or Quechua have millions of active speakers. By contrast, many languages in North America are almost extinct. The culture of the Native Americans of North America was long oppressed. In the process, their languages were lost. But interest in them has increased in the last few decades. There are many programs that aim to nurture and protect the languages. So they could have a future after all…


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