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5 [five]

Countries and Languages


5 [тфы]

Хэгъэгухэр ыкIи бзэхэр


John is from London.
Джон Лондон щыщ.
Dzhon London shhyshh.
London is in Great Britain.
Лондон Инджылызым щыI.
London Indzhylyzym shhyI.
He speaks English.
Ар (хъулъфыгъ) инджылызыбзэкIэ мэгущыIэ.
Ar (hulfyg) indzhylyzybzjekIje mjegushhyIje.
Maria is from Madrid.
Марие Мадрид щыщ.
Marie Madrid shhyshh.
Madrid is in Spain.
Мадрид Испанием щыI.
Madrid Ispaniem shhyI.
She speaks Spanish.
Ар (бзылъфыгъ) испаныбзэкIэ мэгущыIэ.
Ar (bzylfyg) ispanybzjekIje mjegushhyIje.
Peter and Martha are from Berlin.
Пётррэ Мартэрэ Берлин щыщых.
Pjotrrje Martjerje Berlin shhyshhyh.
Berlin is in Germany.
Берлин Германием щыI.
Berlin Germaniem shhyI.
Do both of you speak German?
ШъуитIо нэмыцыбзэкIэ шъогущыIа?
ShuitIo njemycybzjekIje shogushhyIa?
London is a capital city.
Лондон къэлэ шъхьаI.
London kjelje shh'aI.
Madrid and Berlin are also capital cities.
Мадриди Берлини ахэри къэлэ шъхьаIэх.
Madridi Berlini ahjeri kjelje shh'aIjeh.
Capital cities are big and noisy.
КъэлэшъхьаIэхэр иных ыкIи бырсырых.
Kjeljeshh'aIjehjer inyh ykIi byrsyryh.
France is in Europe.
Франциер Европэм щыI.
Francier Evropjem shhyI.
Egypt is in Africa.
Мысыр Африкэм щыI.
Mysyr Afrikjem shhyI.
Japan is in Asia.
Япониер Азием щыI.
Japonier Aziem shhyI.
Canada is in North America.
Канадэр Темыр Америкэм щыI.
Kanadjer Temyr Amerikjem shhyI.
Panama is in Central America.
Панамэр Гупчэ Америкэм щыI.
Panamjer Gupchje Amerikjem shhyI.
Brazil is in South America.
Бразилиер Къыблэ Америкэм щыI.
Brazilier Kyblje Amerikjem shhyI.

Languages and dialects

There are 6,000 to 7,000 different languages worldwide. The number of dialects is of course much higher. But what is the difference between language and dialect? Dialects always have a clearly localized tone. They belong to the regional language varieties. This means dialects are a language form with the narrowest reach. As a general rule, dialects are only spoken, not written. They form their own linguistic system. And they follow their own rules. Theoretically, every language can have several dialects. All dialects fall under the standard language of a country. The standard language is understood by all the people of a country. With it, even speakers of different dialects can communicate with each other. Almost all dialects are becoming less important. You hardly hear dialects being spoken in cities anymore. The standard language is usually spoken at work as well. Therefore, dialect speakers are often said to be simple and uneducated. And yet they can be found at all social levels. So dialect speakers are no less intelligent than others. Quite the opposite! Those who speak in dialect have many advantages. In a language course, for example. Dialect speakers know that there are different linguistic forms. And they have learned to switch quickly between linguistic styles. Therefore, dialect speakers possess a higher competence for variation. They can sense which linguistic style fits with a certain situation. This has even been scientifically proven. So: Have courage in using dialect – it's worth it!


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