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46 [forty-six]

In the discotheque


46 [నలభై ఆరు]

డిస్కో లో


Is this seat taken?
ఈ సీట్ లో ఇంతకు మునుపే ఎవరైనా ఉన్నారా?
Ī sīṭ lō intaku munupē evarainā unnārā?
May I sit with you?
నేను మీ దగ్గర కూర్చోవచ్చా?
Nēnu mī daggara kūrcōvaccā?
How do you like the music?
మీకు మ్యూజిక్ నచ్చిందా?
Mīku myūjik naccindā?
A little too loud.
కొంచం గోలగా ఉంది
Kon̄caṁ gōlagā undi
But the band plays very well.
కానీ, ఆర్కెస్ట్రా వాళ్ళు చాలా బాగా వాయిస్తున్నారు
Kānī, ārkesṭrā vāḷḷu cālā bāgā vāyistunnāru
Do you come here often?
మీరు ఇక్కడికి తరచూ వస్తుంటారా?
Mīru ikkaḍiki taracū vastuṇṭārā?
No, this is the first time.
లేదు, ఇదే మొదటి సారి
Lēdu, idē modaṭi sāri
I’ve never been here before.
నేను ఇంతకు మునుపు ఎప్పుడూ ఇక్కడికి రాలేదు
Nēnu intaku munupu eppuḍū ikkaḍiki rālēdu
Would you like to dance?
మీరు డ్యాంస్ చేస్తారా?
Mīru ḍyāns cēstārā?
Maybe later.
తరువాత చూద్దాం
Taruvāta cūddāṁ
I can’t dance very well.
నేను అంత బాగా డ్యాంస్ చేయలేను
Nēnu anta bāgā ḍyāns cēyalēnu
It’s very easy.
అది చాలా సులువు
Adi cālā suluvu
I’ll show you.
నేను చూపిస్తాను
Nēnu cūpistānu
No, maybe some other time.
వద్దు, మరెప్పుడైనా చూద్దాం
Vaddu, mareppuḍainā cūddāṁ
Are you waiting for someone?
మీరు ఇంకెవరికోసమైనా ఎదురుచూస్తున్నారా?
Mīru iṅkevarikōsamainā edurucūstunnārā?
Yes, for my boyfriend.
అవును, నా స్నేహితుడి కోసం
Avunu, nā snēhituḍi kōsaṁ
There he is!
ఇదిగో అతను వచ్చేసారు!
Idigō atanu vaccēsāru!

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Genes influence language

The language we speak is dependent on our ancestry. But our genes are also responsible for our language. Scottish researchers have come to this conclusion. They examined how English differs from Chinese. In doing so they discovered that genes play a role, too. Because genes influence the development of our brain. That is to say, they shape our brain structures. With this, our ability to learn languages is determined. Variants of two genes are crucial to this. If a particular variant is scarce, tonal languages develop. So tonal languages are spoken by people without these gene variants. In tonal languages, the meaning of words is determined by the pitch of the tones. Chinese is included in the tonal languages, for example. If this gene variant is dominant, however, other languages develop. English is not a tonal language. The variants of this gene are not evenly distributed. That means they occur with differing frequency in the world. But languages only survive if they are passed down. In order to do this, children must be able to imitate the language of their parents. So they must be able to learn the language well. Only then will it be passed down from generation to generation. The older gene variant is the one that promotes tonal languages. So there were probably more tonal languages in the past than there are today. But one mustn't overestimate the genetic components. They can only add to explaining the development of languages. But there isn't a gene for English, or a gene for Chinese. Anybody can learn any language. You don't need genes for that, but rather only curiosity and discipline!

Guess the language!

______ is a member of the Tai-Kadai language family. It is the native language of 20 million people. In contrast to most western languages, ______ is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pronunciation of syllables changes their meaning. Most ______ words consist of only one syllable. A word takes on a different meaning depending on the pitch in which a syllable is spoken. Altogether ______ distinguishes between five pitches. ______ society was strictly divided over many centuries.

As a result, ______ still recognizes at least five different levels of speech today. These range from a simple vernacular to a very polite form of speech. Furthermore, ______ is divided into many local dialects. The language's semiotic system is a hybrid of an alphabet and syllabic writing. The grammar construction is not very complex. Because ______ is an isolating language, there are no declensions or conjugations. Learn ______ - it is really a fascinating language!

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