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36 [thirty-six]

Public transportation

 


36 [ముప్పై ఆరు]

పౌర రవాణా

 

 
Where is the bus stop?
బస్ స్టాప్ ఎక్కడ?
Bas sṭāp ekkaḍa?
Which bus goes to the city centre / center (am.)?
సిటీ సెంటర్ కి ఏ బస్ వెళ్తుంది?
Siṭī seṇṭar ki ē bas veḷtundi?
Which bus do I have to take?
నేను ఏ బస్ ఎక్కాలి?
Nēnu ē bas ekkāli?
 
 
 
 
Do I have to change?
నేను మారాలా?
Nēnu mārālā?
Where do I have to change?
నేను ఎక్కడ మారాలి?
Nēnu ekkaḍa mārāli?
How much does a ticket cost?
టికెట్ కి ఎంత ధర పట్టవచ్చు?
Ṭikeṭ ki enta dhara paṭṭavaccu?
 
 
 
 
How many stops are there before downtown / the city centre?
డౌన్ టౌన్ / సిటీ సెంటర్ కంటే ముందు ఎన్ని స్టాప్ లు ఉన్నాయి?
Ḍaun ṭaun/ siṭī seṇṭar kaṇṭē mundu enni sṭāp lu unnāyi?
You have to get off here.
మీరు ఇక్కడ దిగాలి
Mīru ikkaḍa digāli
You have to get off at the back.
మీరు వెనక వైపునుండి దిగాలి
Mīru venaka vaipunuṇḍi digāli
 
 
 
 
The next train is in 5 minutes.
నెక్స్ట్ ట్రైన్ 5 నిమిషాల్లో ఉంది
Neksṭ ṭrain 5 nimiṣāllō undi
The next tram is in 10 minutes.
నెక్స్ట్ ట్రాం 10 నిమిషాల్లో ఉంది
Neksṭ ṭrāṁ 10 nimiṣāllō undi
The next bus is in 15 minutes.
నెక్స్ట్ బస్ 15 నిమిషాల్లో ఉంది
Neksṭ bas 15 nimiṣāllō undi
 
 
 
 
When is the last train?
ఆఖరి ట్రైన్ ఎప్పుడు ఉంది?
Ākhari ṭrain eppuḍu undi?
When is the last tram?
ఆఖరి ట్రాం ఎప్పుడు ఉంది?
Ākhari ṭrāṁ eppuḍu undi?
When is the last bus?
ఆఖరి బస్ ఎప్పుడు ఉంది?
Ākhari bas eppuḍu undi?
 
 
 
 
Do you have a ticket?
మీ వద్ద టికెట్ ఉందా?
Mī vadda ṭikeṭ undā?
A ticket? – No, I don’t have one.
టికెట్టా? - లేదు, నా వద్ద లేదు
Ṭikeṭṭā? - Lēdu, nā vadda lēdu
Then you have to pay a fine.
ఐతే మీరు జరిమానా కట్టాలి
Aitē mīru jarimānā kaṭṭāli
 
 
 
 
 

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The development of language

Why we speak with each other is clear. We want to exchange ideas and understand each other. How exactly language originated, on the other hand, is less clear. Various theories exist about this. What's certain is that language is a very old phenomenon. Certain physical traits were a prerequisite for speaking. They were necessary in order for us to form sounds. People as far back as the Neanderthals had the ability to apply their voice. In this way, they could distinguish themselves from animals. Additionally, a loud, firm voice was important for defence. A person could threaten or frighten enemies with it. Back then, tools had already been made and fire had been discovered. This knowledge had to be passed along somehow. Speech was also important for hunting in groups. As early as 2 million years ago there was a simple understanding among people. The first linguistic elements were signs and gestures. But people wanted to be able to communicate in the dark too. More importantly, they also had the need to talk to each other without looking. Therefore, the voice developed, and it replaced the gestures. Language in today's sense is at least 50,000 years old. When Homo sapiens left Africa, they distributed language around the world. The languages separated from each other in the different regions. That is to say, various language families came into being. However, they only contained the fundamentals of language systems. The first languages were much less complex than languages today. They were further developed through grammar, phonology and semantics. It could be said that different languages have different solutions. But the problem was always the same: How do I show what I'm thinking?

Guess the language!

Brazilian ______ is counted among the Romance languages. It arose from European ______. It travelled as far as South America long ago through ******al's colonial politics. Today Brazil is the largest ______-speaking nation in the world. Approximately 190 million people speak Brazilian ______ as their native language. The language has great influence in other South American countries too. There is even a hybrid language that contains ______ and Spanish. Earlier, Brazil tended to use European ______.

Starting in the 1930s, a new awareness awakened within Brazilian culture. Brazilians were proud of their language and wanted to accentuate its peculiarities. There were, however, repeated efforts to keep the two languages together. For example, an agreement has since been made over a common orthography. Today the biggest difference between the two forms is in the pronunciation. The Brazilian vocabulary also contains a few "Indianisms" that are absent in Europe. Discover this exciting language - it is one of the most important in the world!

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