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32 [thirty-two]

At the restaurant 4

 


32 [ముప్పై రెండు]

రెస్టారెంట్ వద్ద 4

 

 
I’d like chips / French fries (am.) with ketchup.
నాకు చిప్స్ / ఫ్రెంచ్ ఫ్రై లు కెచప్ తో కావాలి
Nāku cips/ phren̄c phrai lu kecap tō kāvāli
And two with mayonnaise.
అలాగే రెండు మాయొన్నేజ్ తో కావాలి
Alāgē reṇḍu māyonnēj tō kāvāli
And three sausages with mustard.
ఇంకా మూడు సాసేజ్ లు మస్టర్డ్ తో కావాలి
Iṅkā mūḍu sāsēj lu masṭarḍ tō kāvāli
 
 
 
 
What vegetables do you have?
మీ వద్ద ఏ ఏ కూరగాయలు ఉన్నాయి?
Mī vadda ē ē kūragāyalu unnāyi?
Do you have beans?
మీ వద్ద చిక్కుళ్ళు ఉన్నాయా?
Mī vadda cikkuḷḷu unnāyā?
Do you have cauliflower?
మీ వద్ద కాలిఫ్లవర్ ఉందా?
Mī vadda kāliphlavar undā?
 
 
 
 
I like to eat (sweet) corn.
నాకు మొక్క జొన్న కంకులు తినాలంటే ఇష్టం
Nāku mokka jonna kaṅkulu tinālaṇṭē iṣṭaṁ
I like to eat cucumber.
నాకు దోసకాయ తినడం అంటే ఇష్టం
Nāku dōsakāya tinaḍaṁ aṇṭē iṣṭaṁ
I like to eat tomatoes.
నాకు టమాటాలు తినడం అంటే ఇష్టం
Nāku ṭamāṭālu tinaḍaṁ aṇṭē iṣṭaṁ
 
 
 
 
Do you also like to eat leek?
మీకు లీక్ కూడా తినడం ఇష్టమా?
Mīku līk kūḍā tinaḍaṁ iṣṭamā?
Do you also like to eat sauerkraut?
మీకు సౌవర్ క్రౌత్ కూడా తినడం ఇష్టమా?
Mīku sauvar kraut kūḍā tinaḍaṁ iṣṭamā?
Do you also like to eat lentils?
మీకు పప్పుదినుసులు కూడా తినడం ఇష్టమా?
Mīku pappudinusulu kūḍā tinaḍaṁ iṣṭamā?
 
 
 
 
Do you also like to eat carrots?
మీకు క్యారెట్లు కూడా తినడం ఇష్టమా?
Mīku kyāreṭlu kūḍā tinaḍaṁ iṣṭamā?
Do you also like to eat broccoli?
మీకు బ్రొక్కోలి కూడా తినడం ఇష్టమా?
Mīku brokkōli kūḍā tinaḍaṁ iṣṭamā?
Do you also like to eat peppers?
మీకు క్యాప్సికం కూడా తినడం ఇష్టమా?
Mīku kyāpsikaṁ kūḍā tinaḍaṁ iṣṭamā?
 
 
 
 
I don’t like onions.
నాకు ఉల్లిపాయలంటే ఇష్టం లేదు
Nāku ullipāyalaṇṭē iṣṭaṁ lēdu
I don’t like olives.
నాకు ఓలివ్లంటే ఇష్టం లేదు
Nāku ōlivlaṇṭē iṣṭaṁ lēdu
I don’t like mushrooms.
నాకు మష్రూంలంటే ఇష్టం లేదు
Nāku maṣrūnlaṇṭē iṣṭaṁ lēdu
 
 
 
 
 

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Tonal Languages

Most of all the languages spoken worldwide are tonal languages. With tonal languages, the pitch of the tones is crucial. They determine what meaning words or syllables have. Thus, the tone belongs firmly to the word. Most of the languages spoken in Asia are tonal languages. For example, Chinese, Thai and Vietnamese. There are also various tonal languages in Africa. Many indigenous languages in America are tonal languages as well. Indo-European languages mostly contain only tonal elements. This applies to Swedish or Serbian, for example. The number of tone pitches is varied in individual languages. Four different tones are distinguishable in Chinese. With this, the syllable ma can have four meanings. They are mother, hemp, horse and to rant. Interestingly, tonal languages also impact our hearing. Studies on absolute hearing have shown this. Absolute hearing is the ability to identify heard tones accurately. Absolute hearing occurs very rarely in Europe and North America. Fewer than 1 in 10,000 people have it. It's different with native speakers of Chinese. Here, 9 times as many people have this special ability. We all had absolute hearing when we were infants. We used it to learn to speak correctly. Unfortunately, most people lose it later on. The pitch of tones is also important in music. This is especially true for cultures that speak a tonal language. They must adhere to the melody very precisely. Otherwise a beautiful love song comes out as an absurd song!

Guess the language!

______ is counted among the Indo-Iranian languages. It is spoken natively by 130 million people. The majority of those people live in Pakistan. However, it is also spoken in the Indian state of ******. ______ is hardly ever used as a written language in Pakistan. It is different in India because there the language holds an official status. ______ is written in its own script. It also has a very long literary tradition.

Texts have been found that are almost 1000 years old. ______ is also very interesting from a phonological point of view. This is because it is a tonal language. In tonal languages, the pitch of the accented syllable changes their meaning. In ______, the accented syllable can take on three different pitches. That is very unusual for Indo-European languages. That makes ______ that much more appealing!

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