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65 [sixty-five]

Negation 2


65 [ਪੈਂਹਠ]

ਨਾਕਾਰਾਤਮਕ ਵਾਕ 2


Is the ring expensive?
ਕੀ ਅੰਗੂਠੀ ਮਹਿੰਗੀ ਹੈ?
kī agūṭhī mahigī hai?
No, it costs only one hundred Euros.
ਜੀ ਨਹੀਂ, ਇਸਦੀ ਕੀਮਤ ਸਿਰਫ ਸੌ ਯੂਰੋ ਹੈ।
Jī nahīṁ, isadī kīmata sirapha sau yūrō hai.
But I have only fifty.
ਪਰ ਮੇਰੇ ਕੋਲ ਸਿਰਫ ਪੰਜਾਹ ਯੂਰੋ ਹੀ ਹਨ।
Para mērē kōla sirapha pajāha yūrō hī hana.
Are you finished?
ਕੀ ਤੁਹਾਡਾ ਕੰਮ ਮੁੱਕ ਗਿਆ ਹੈ?
Kī tuhāḍā kama muka gi'ā hai?
No, not yet.
ਨਹੀਂ, ਅਜੇ ਨਹੀਂ।
Nahīṁ, ajē nahīṁ.
But I’ll be finished soon.
ਪਰ ਮੇਰਾ ਖਤਮ ਹੋਣ ਵਾਲਾ ਹੈ।
Para mērā khatama hōṇa vālā hai.
Do you want some more soup?
ਕੀ ਤੂੰ ਹੋਰ ਸੂਪ ਲੈਣਾ ਚਾਹੇਂਗਾ / ਚਾਹੇਂਗੀ?
Kī tū hōra sūpa laiṇā cāhēṅgā/ cāhēṅgī?
No, I don’t want anymore.
ਨਹੀਂ, ਮੈਨੂੰ ਹੋਰ ਨਹੀਂ ਚਾਹੀਦਾ।
Nahīṁ, mainū hōra nahīṁ cāhīdā.
But another ice cream.
ਪਰ ਇੱਕ ਹੋਰ ਆਈਸਕ੍ਰੀਮ ਚਾਹੀਦੀ ਹੈ।
Para ika hōra ā'īsakrīma cāhīdī hai.
Have you lived here long?
ਕੀ ਤੂੰ ਇੱਥੇ ਕਈ ਸਾਲਾਂ ਤੋਂ ਰਹਿ ਰਿਹਾ / ਰਹੀ ਹੈਂ?
Kī tū ithē ka'ī sālāṁ tōṁ rahi rihā/ rahī haiṁ?
No, only for a month.
ਨਹੀਂ, ਅਜੇ ਸਿਰਫ ਇੱਕ ਮਹੀਨਾ ਹੋਇਆ ਹੈ।
Nahīṁ, ajē sirapha ika mahīnā hō'i'ā hai.
But I already know a lot of people.
ਪਰ ਮੈਂ ਕਾਫੀ ਲੋਕਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਪਹਿਚਾਣਦਾ / ਪਹਿਚਾਣਦੀ ਹਾਂ।
Para maiṁ kāphī lōkāṁ nū pahicāṇadā/ pahicāṇadī hāṁ.
Are you driving home tomorrow?
ਕੀ ਤੂੰ ਕੱਲ੍ਹ ਘਰ ਜਾਣ ਵਾਲਾ / ਵਾਲੀ ਹੈਂ?
Kī tū kal'ha ghara jāṇa vālā/ vālī haiṁ?
No, only on the weekend.
ਨਹੀਂ, ਇਸ ਹਫਤੇ ਦੇ ਅਖੀਰ ਤੱਕ ਤਾਂ ਨਹੀਂ।
Nahīṁ, isa haphatē dē akhīra taka tāṁ nahīṁ.
But I will be back on Sunday.
ਪਰ ਮੈਂ ਇਸ ਐਤਵਾਰ ਨੂੰ ਵਾਪਸ ਆਂਉਣ ਵਾਲਾ / ਵਾਲੀ ਹਾਂ।
Para maiṁ isa aitavāra nū vāpasa āṁuṇa vālā/ vālī hāṁ.
Is your daughter an adult?
ਕੀ ਤੇਰੀ ਬੇਟੀ ਬਾਲਗ ਹੋ ਚੁੱਕੀ ਹੈ?
Kī tērī bēṭī bālaga hō cukī hai?
No, she is only seventeen.
ਨਹੀਂ, ਉਹ ਸਿਰਫ ਸਤਾਰਾਂ ਸਾਲਾਂ ਦੀ ਹੈ।
Nahīṁ, uha sirapha satārāṁ sālāṁ dī hai.
But she already has a boyfriend.
ਪਰ ਹੁਣੇ ਤੋਂ ਹੀ ਉਸਦਾ ਇੱਕ ਦੋਸਤ ਹੈ।
Para huṇē tōṁ hī usadā ika dōsata hai.

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What words tell us

Worldwide there are many millions of books. How many have been written up to now is unknown. A great deal of knowledge is stored in these books. If one were to read all of them, he would know a lot about life. Because books show us how our world changes. Each era has its own books. By reading them one can identify what is important to people. Unfortunately, no one can read every book. But modern technology can help analyze books. Using digitalization, books can be stored like data. After that, the contents can be analyzed. In this way, linguists see how our language has changed. It is even more interesting, however, to count the frequency of words. By doing so, the significance of certain things can be identified. Scientists studied more than 5 million books. These were books from the last five centuries. A total of 500 billion words were analyzed. The frequency of the words shows how people lived then and now. Ideas and trends are reflected in the language. The word men has lost some meaning, for example. It is used less frequently today than it was earlier. The frequency of the word women, on the other hand, has increased significantly. One can also see what we like to eat by looking at words. The word ice cream was very important in the fifties. After that, the words pizza and pasta became popular. The term sushi has been dominant for a few years now. There is good news for all language lovers… Our language gains more words every year!

Guess the language!

British ______ is the form of ______ that is spoken in Great Britain. It is counted among the West Germanic languages. It is the native language of approximately 60 million people. It deviates from American ______ in a few areas. ______ is thus considered a pluricentric language. That means that it is a language that has multiple standard forms. Differences can relate to pronunciation, vocabulary, and orthography, for example. British ______ is divided into many dialects that in some cases are very different.

For a long time dialect speakers were considered uneducated and could not find good jobs. Today it is different, even though dialects still play a role in Great Britain. British ______ has also been strongly influenced by French. This dates back to the Norman Conquest in 1066. In turn, Great Britain took its language to other continents during the colonial times. In this way, ______ became one of the most important languages of the world in the last few centuries. Learn ______, but the original please!

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