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54 [fifty-four]



೫೪ [ಐವತ್ತನಾಲ್ಕು]

ಸಾಮಾನುಗಳ ಖರೀದಿ


I want to buy a present.
ನಾನು ಒಂದು ಉಡುಗೊರೆಯನ್ನು ಕೊಳ್ಳ ಬಯಸುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu ondu uḍugoreyannu koḷḷa bayasuttēne.
But nothing too expensive.
ಆದರೆ ತುಂಬಾ ದುಬಾರಿಯದಲ್ಲ.
Ādare tumbā dubāriyadalla.
Maybe a handbag?
ಬಹುಶಃ ಒಂದು ಕೈ ಚೀಲ?
Bahuśaḥ ondu kai cīla?
Which color would you like?
ಯಾವ ಬಣ್ಣ ಬೇಕು?
Yāva baṇṇa bēku?
Black, brown or white?
ಕಪ್ಪು, ಕಂದು ಅಥವಾ ಬಿಳಿ?
Kappu, kandu athavā biḷi?
A large one or a small one?
ದೊಡ್ಡದೋ ಅಥವಾ ಚಿಕ್ಕದೋ?
Doḍḍadō athavā cikkadō?
May I see this one, please?
ನಾನು ಇವುಗಳನ್ನು ಒಮ್ಮೆ ನೋಡಬಹುದೆ?
Nānu ivugaḷannu om'me nōḍabahude?
Is it made of leather?
ಇದು ಚರ್ಮದ್ದೇ?
Idu carmaddē?
Or is it made of plastic?
ಅಥವಾ ಪ್ಲಾಸ್ಟಿಕ್ ನದ್ದೇ ?
Athavā plāsṭik naddē?
Of leather, of course.
ಖಂಡಿತವಾಗಿಯು ಚರ್ಮದ್ದು.
Khaṇḍitavāgiyu carmaddu.
This is very good quality.
ಇದು ಉತ್ತಮ ದರ್ಜೆಯದು.
Idu uttama darjeyadu.
And the bag is really very reasonable.
ಈ ಕೈ ಚೀಲ ನಿಜವಾಗಿಯು ಕಾಸಿಗೆ ತಕ್ಕ ಬೆಲೆಯದು.
Ī kai cīla nijavāgiyu kāsige takka beleyadu.
I like it.
ಇದು ನನಗೆ ತುಂಬ ಇಷ್ಟವಾಗಿದೆ.
Idu nanage tumba iṣṭavāgide.
I’ll take it.
ನಾನು ಇದನ್ನು ತೆಗೆದುಕೊಳ್ಳುತ್ತೇನೆ.
Nānu idannu tegedukoḷḷuttēne.
Can I exchange it if needed?
ನಾನು ಬೇಕೆಂದರೆ ಇದನ್ನು ಬದಲಾಯಿಸಬಹುದೆ?
Nānu bēkendare idannu badalāyisabahude?
Of course.
We’ll gift wrap it.
ನಾವು ಇದನ್ನು ಉಡುಗೊರೆ ಪೊಟ್ಟಣದಲ್ಲಿ ಕಟ್ಟಿಕೊಡುತ್ತೇವೆ.
Nāvu idannu uḍugore poṭṭaṇadalli kaṭṭikoḍuttēve.
The cashier is over there.
ಅಲ್ಲಿ ನಗದು ಪಾವತಿ ಸ್ಥಳ ಇದೆ.
Alli nagadu pāvati sthaḷa ide.

Who understands whom?

There are about 7 billion people in the world. They all have a language. Unfortunately, it's not always the same. So in order to speak with other nations, we must learn languages. That is often very arduous. But there are languages that are very similar. Their speakers understand one another, without mastering the other language. This phenomenon is called mutual intelligibility. Whereby two variants are distinguished. The first variant is oral mutual intelligibility. Here, the speakers understand each other when they talk. They do not understand the written form of the other language, however. This is because the languages have different written forms. Examples of this are the languages Hindi and Urdu. Written mutual intelligibility is the second variant. In this case, the other language is understood in its written form. But the speakers do not understand each other when they speak to each other. The reason for this is that they have very different pronunciation. German and Dutch are examples of this. The most closely related languages contain both variants. Meaning they are mutually intelligible both orally and in written form. Russian and Ukrainian or Thai and Laotian are examples. But there is also an asymmetrical form of mutual intelligibility. That is the case when speakers have different levels of understanding each other. Portuguese understand Spanish better than the Spanish understand Portuguese. Austrians also understand Germans better than the other way around. In these examples, pronunciation or dialect is a hindrance. He who really wants to have good conversations must learn something new…

AF Afrikaans is one of the eleven official languages of South Africa. It was the language of the Boers. They settled in Africa during colonial times. Its origins can be traced to 17th century Dutch. Therefore, it belongs to the West Germanic language family. The language has naturally changed over time. The grammar of Afrikaans is simpler than that of Dutch today.

It also contains many elements that were borrowed from English. This is because the British also had colonies in the region. Afrikaans is not only understood in South Africa, though. It is also spoken in Namibia, Zimbabwe, and Botswana. It is estimated that in total more than 20 million people understand Afrikaans. It is the native language of 7 million people in South Africa alone. Even more people speak Afrikaans as their second or third language. A person can get around easily in many regions of Africa with Afrikaans. Therefore it is worth it to learn this relatively simple language!


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book2 English UK - Kannada for beginners