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84 [eighty-four]

Past tense 4


84 [ογδόντα τέσσερα]

Παρελθοντικός χρόνος 4


to read
I read.
I read the whole novel.
Διάβασα όλο το μυθιστόρημα.
Diávasa ólo to mythistórima.
to understand
I understood.
I understood the whole text.
Κατάλαβα το κείμενο.
Katálava to keímeno.
to answer
I answered.
I answered all the questions.
Απάντησα σε όλες τις ερωτήσεις.
Apántisa se óles tis erotíseis.
I know that – I knew that.
Το ξέρω – το ήξερα.
To xéro – to íxera.
I write that – I wrote that.
Το γράφω – το έγραψα.
To gráfo – to égrapsa.
I hear that – I heard that.
Το ακούω – το άκουσα.
To akoúo – to ákousa.
I’ll get it – I got it.
Το φέρνω – το έφερα.
To férno – to éfera.
I’ll bring that – I brought that.
Το φέρνω – το έφερα.
To férno – to éfera.
I’ll buy that – I bought that.
Το αγοράζω – το αγόρασα.
To agorázo – to agórasa.
I expect that – I expected that.
Το περιμένω – το περίμενα.
To periméno – to perímena.
I’ll explain that – I explained that.
Το εξηγώ – το εξήγησα.
To exigó – to exígisa.
I know that – I knew that.
Το γνωρίζω – το γνώριζα.
To gnorízo – to gnóriza.

Negative words aren't translated into the native language

When reading, multilinguals translate subconsciously into their native language. This happens automatically; that is, the readers do it without realizing. It could be said that the brain functions like a simultaneous translator. But it doesn't translate everything! One study has shown that the brain has a built-in filter. This filter decides what gets translated. And it appears that the filter ignores certain words. Negative words aren't translated into the native language. Researchers selected native speakers of Chinese for their experiment. All test subjects spoke English as their second language. The test subjects had to rate various English words. These words had different emotional content. There were positive, negative and neutral terms. While the test subjects read the words, their brains were examined. That is, the researchers measured the electrical brain activity. In doing so, they could see how the brain worked. Certain signals are generated during the translation of words. They indicate that the brain is active. However, the test subjects showed no activity with the negative words. Only the positive or neutral terms were translated. Researchers don't yet know why this is. Theoretically, the brain has to process all words the same. It could be, however, that the filter quickly examines each word. It is analyzed while still being read in the second language. If a word is negative, the memory is blocked. In other words, it can't think of the word in the native language. People can react very sensitively to words. Perhaps the brain wants to protect them from emotional shock…

Guess the language!

______ is the native language of around 2 million people. It is counted among the South Slavic languages. It is most closely related to Bulgarian. Speakers of both languages can communicate with each other easily. The two languages differ from each other more in their written forms. There have always been many different ethnic groups in *********. Naturally, this is also apparent in the vernacular. It has been influenced by numerous other languages.

The neighboring country of Serbia has especially influenced the ______ language. The vocabulary contains many terms from Russian, Turkish, and English. Such linguistic variety does not exist in many countries. That is why it has been difficult for ______ to establish itself as its own language. ______ literature has especially suffered from this situation. ______ is now considered an established standard language. For this reason, it is an important part of the ______ identity.


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book2 English UK - Greek for beginners